A heart is the vital pumping organ of the human body that provides oxygenated blood to the whole body organs. Heartbeats in proper rhythm and sometimes it is disturbed to due to some factors. As a result of this disturbance heart may beat slower or faster than usual or may its beat becomes irregular. This situation is commonly known as Arrhythmia. Heart rhythm problems (cardiac arrhythmias) occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not work properly and make the heartbeat too fast, slow or irregular. Cardiac arrhythmias can give the impression of a heart that beats very fast and can be harmless. However, some cardiac arrhythmias can cause annoying signs and symptoms, sometimes even fatal. The treatment of cardiac arrhythmia can often control or eliminate rapid, slow or irregular heartbeats. In addition, because problematic cardiac arrhythmias are often aggravated, or even caused, by a weak or damaged heart, you may be able to reduce your risk of arrhythmia by adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle.
It has several types which are explained below;
- Tachycardia: increase in heart rate
- Bradycardia: Decrease in heart rate
- Atrial flutter: irregular heart rate
- Ventricular fibrillation: very fast and abnormal heart rate
Signs and Symptoms:
There are several signs that explain this condition but these are based on the type of disease from which the patient is suffering. Common signs may include;
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling of tiredness
- Loss of consciousness
There are several treatments that are suggested by the medical practitioners of this field which are commonly called cardiologists. These are totally based on the type of Arrhythmia.
These treatments may include;
- Use of medications
- Cardioversion or catheter ablation
Surgeries to insert pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)