Acute Poliomyelitis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Acute Poliomyoelitis in Urdu

پولیو متاثرہ شخص سے دوسروں میں منتقل ہو سکتی ہے۔ یہ ایک اعصابی بیماری ہے جو کہ لاعلاج ہے۔ یہ مہلک متعدی مرض انسان کو معذور کر سکتا ہے۔ اس سے بچنے کے لیے ضروری ہے کہ پانچ سال سے کم عمر کے تمام بچوں کو اس کی ویکسین پلائی جائے۔ پولیو کا وائرس دماغ اور ریڑھ کی ہڈی کو متاثر کر کے معذوری پیدا کرتا ہے۔

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Dr. Binish Ali


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Summary about Acute Poliomyoelitis in English

Polio is a viral disease that affects nerves. Paralysis, difficulty breathing, and death can be the outcomes of this disease. Rigorous worldwide efforts to wipe out this virus still have to be reinforced in parts of the world including Asia and Africa. If you are traveling to any high-risk area it is advised to get an immunity booster shot of IPV. All children under the age of 5 must also be vaccinated against this disease as per the prescribed schedule. This disease can be transmitted from the affected person to others. To find and consult the best pediatricians and doctors for treatment and management of polio visit

Symptoms of Acute Poliomyoelitis

A person affected with polio may not know being infected because in the majority of cases this disease doesn't cause characteristic symptoms of paralysis. 

Non-paralytic type of polio has symptoms similar to viral flu. These symptoms may remain for up to ten days. These include:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat 
  • Headache 
  • Vomiting 
  • Stiffness in neck and back
  • Tenderness and weak muscles
  • Aching arms and legs

Paralytic polio has early symptoms like non-paralytic polio. Within a week other symptoms may surface which include:

  • Flaccid paralysis 
  • Loss of reflex actions 
  • High-intensity pain in legs and arms

Post-Polio syndrome is a group of symptoms that surface years after getting affected with poliovirus:

  • Difficulty in breathing 
  • Problem swallowing 
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep apnea
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Weakness in joints 
  • Muscular pain

Causes of Acute Poliomyoelitis

Poliovirus can be transmitted from an affected person to others directly or by contaminated food and drinks. People who carry poliovirus but don't have symptoms can also transmit this disease. Carriers can also transmit the virus through their fecal material.

Risk Factors of Acute Poliomyoelitis

Poliovirus affects children below five years of age. Anyone who is not vaccinated against this disease is at risk.

Preventive Measures of Acute Poliomyoelitis

Vaccination is the most effective and common way of preventing polio.

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