Adenomyosis occurs when the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrial tissue) develops in the muscle wall of the uterus. The displaced tissue continues to function normally during the menstrual cycle, thickening, collapse, and bleeding. It is a condition that is characterized by a breakdown of the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) through the muscle wall of the uterus (the myometrium). And grows here so, endometrium’s cells can be seen in the myometrium. The result is a hypertrophy of the uterus and painful and heavy periods occurs. The cause of adenomyosis remains unknown, but the disease usually disappears after menopause. Hormonal treatments can help women with adenomyosis. Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) cures adenomyosis.
It may localize to one point or spread to the whole uterus.
It is a common condition which has been usually observed in older women. Especially it is observed in those women who have had a prior uterine surgery.
Signs and Symptoms:
It may involve the following symptoms;
- Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding
- Severe menstrual cramps
- Abdominal pressure
- Abdominal bloating
The ultimate treatment option includes;
- Hysterectomy; removal of the uterus
And it is considered as a treatment of choice for the women with significant symptoms.