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AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is transmitted through a viral infection called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or through sexually transmitted infections (STI) from the direct or indirect contact of an already infected human with a non-infected individual.
Currently, AIDS has no permanent cure, yet medications are available to decrease the damage. Anti-viral medicines have been used to control disease spread, so the mortality rate has decreased. Through early diagnosis and adequate treatments, HIV can be avoided from developing into its worst form, i.e., AIDS.
Marham enlists the best doctors for treating AIDS in Alipur Chatha at affordable rates.
Since HIV causes AIDS, it is important to discuss its types as mentioned below:
Higher transferrable rate
Rapid progression to AIDS
Commonly occurring all across the globe
Victims’ condition becomes stable for a shorter period
Plasma viral loads are higher
High mortality rate
Slow progresses toward AIDS
Confined to a smaller area, particularly West-Africa
Victims’ prolonged stability
Lower plasma viral loads
Lower mortality rate
There are three stages of HIV, which are as follows:
1. Acute Stage: At this stage, the virus enters the body, and after a month or two, flu-like symptoms appear, which go away within a week or a month.
2. Chronic Stage: This stage comes after the acute stage and the patient experiences severe flu-like symptoms, but the patient often feels healthy once the symptoms go away.
3. AIDS: At this stage, HIV transforms into AIDS, which means that the virus has potentially weakened the patient's immune system. The patient often feels sick and tired at this stage, thereby, increasing the chances of developing different types of cancers.
AIDS spreads due to the following causes:
Unprotected sexual contact with an already infected person
Having multiple sexual partners
Contact with infected blood
Contact with saliva or respiratory droplets through coughing, sneezing or kissing
Transfer to a newly born child through an infected mother during pregnancy
Breastfeeding from an infected mother to a healthy child
If you have AIDS, then you may experience the following symptoms:
Chills, fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, or pneumonia
Skin rash, mouth ulcers, and red/brown/pink/purplish spots on different body parts
Night sweats, muscle aches
Unexplained fatigue and rapid weight loss
Digestive issues such as prolonged diarrhea for more than seven days
Reproductive issues such as sores on the anus or genitals and fertility issues
Neurologic disorders, memory loss, depression
If you have these symptoms, always consult experienced doctors in Pakistan, as these symptoms may indicate any other underlying condition as well.
AIDS is diagnosed with the following tests that doctors prescribe to the patient:
Nucleic acid tests (NATs)
Viral load test
Western blot test
Tests for STIs such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, or trichomoniasis
There is no permanent treatment for AIDS (HIV). Yet, medicines can help slow the progression of HIV to AIDS. These medicines include:
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI)
Protease inhibitors (PI)
Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTI)
Preventative measures for AIDS/HIV include:
Never share a needle with anybody
Have protected sex
Get an STD test before planning pregnancy as the disease could pass on to the newly born child
Have a blood test for HIV-positive antigens before undergoing a transfusion process