Anal cancer is an unusual type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. Anal cancer is a condition in which cancerous cells are formed within the tissues of the anus which is the last portion of the gastrointestinal tube. It occurs rarely but extremely lethal in its nature. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum, through which the faces leave your body. The signs and symptoms of anal cancer are the bleeding and anal pain. Most people with anal cancer receive a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Although the combination of cancer treatments increases the chances of recovery, combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects.
The major causes for the development of anal cancer are
- Infection by human papilloma virus
- Anal intercourse
- Weak immune system
- Smoking or alcoholism
The major symptoms for this disease are listed below
- Rectal bleeding
- Severe pain in the rectal area
- Lump formation in around the anus
- Mucus or jelly-like discharge from the anus
- Difficulty in the fecal discharge
- Lower back pain and vaginal dryness in females
At an early stage of cancer, it is treated by medication but the proper treatment for developed anal cancer is surgical removal.