Arthritis is a joint inflammation that can cause excruciating joint pain. There are over 100 different types of arthritis and related conditions. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA), also known as degenerative arthritis. The common types are:
With osteoarthritis, the cartilage in your joints wears down, causing your bones to rub together and your joints to become inflamed, resulting in pain, bone injury, and even the formation of bone spurs. It may affect only one or two joints on one side of the body. Age, obesity, injuries, a family history, and joint overuse can all increase your chances of developing it. A doctor will take your medical history and perform a physical exam to determine if you have osteoarthritis. They may request X-rays and other imaging studies. They may also take a fluid sample from inside an affected joint to check for infection.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes your body to attack healthy joint tissue. Joint deformities can develop over time. Sjögren's syndrome is a common complication of RA. This condition causes severe dryness in the eyes and mouth.
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by the buildup of urate crystals within your joints. Gout can be caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood. Gout can be excruciatingly painful. The most likely affected joint is the one at the base of your big toe, but it can also potentially affect other joints.
Arthritis Facts and Figures
Research on Rheumatoid arthritis published in the National Library of Medicine shows that 460 per 100,000 people of various countries have arthritis. It is one of the most common joint problems that adults face; some further facts and statistics about arthritis have been listed below:
|People with Arthritis Worldwide|| More than 350 million people |
|Common in||Adults and older adults|
|Average Age for Diagnosis||After 45 years|
|Problems related to Arthritis ||Joint pain, stiffness, swelling, deformities, fractures|
|Specialists Who Treat Arthritis ||Orthopedic Specialists / Acupuncturists|