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Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied) - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied) in Urdu

آٹو امیون اندرونی اندرونی کان کی وہ بیماری ہے جس میں انسان کا مدافعتی نظام اندرونی کان کے خلیات کو وائرس سمجھ کر ان کو تباہ کر دیتا ہے ۔ چونکہ مدافعتی نظام اندرونی کان کے خلیات کو مار دیتا ہے جس کی وجہ سے مریض سننے کی صلاحیت کھو بیٹھتا ہے ۔اس بیماری کا اگر علاج نہ کیا جاۓ تو یہ ایک کان سے شروع ہو کر دونوں کانوں تک پھیل سکتی ہے اور مکمل طور پر سماعت کی صلاحیت کو ختم کر سکتےہیں
یہ بیماری بہت کم ہوتی ہے اور اس کی تشخیص بھی اسی وقت ممکن ہوتی ہے جب کہ دیگر تمام مسائل کی جانچ کر لی جاۓ ۔ اگر اس بیماری کے سبب صرف اندرونی کان ہی متاثر ہو تو اس کو پرائمری کہا جاتا ہے لیکن 15 سے 30 فی صد تک کیسز میں یہ جسم کے دیگر اعضاکو بھی متاثر کر سکتی ہے اس وقت یہ سیکنڈری لیول میں داخل ہو جاتی ہے یہ بیماری عام طور پر درمیانی عمر کی خواتین کو زيادہ متاثر کرتی ہے  

Doctors For Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied)

Dr. Abid Saeed

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Dr. Samina Farooq...

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Dr. Muhammad Zuba...

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Prof. Dr. Munir A...

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Summary about Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied) in English

Autoimmune inner ear disease occurs when the immune system misidentifies cells in the inner ear as viruses and destroys them. As the immune system kills the inner ear cells, patients commonly experience hearing loss in one ear. It will eventually spread to the opposite ear and cause permanent harm if left untreated.

An AIED is very rare and is diagnosed only once all other causes have been ruled out. When the inner ear is the only organ involved, AIED is called "primary." However, AIED is classified as "secondary" in 15 to 30 percent of cases when it occurs as part of a larger autoimmune disorder that affects the entire body. 

Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (AIED) Facts and Figures

According to ENT Health Organization, AIED is more commonly occurs in middle-aged women and is of two types: primary and secondary. Have a look at some facts and figures related to AIED below:

People with Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (AIED)15 out of every 100,000 people
Common inAdults and older adults
At-Risk GenderFemales
Average Age for Diagnosis20-50 years
Problems related to AIEDdizziness, ringing in your ears, and hearing loss
Specialists Who Treat AIEDAudiologists / ENT Specialists

Symptoms of Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied)

Those who have AIED will experience hearing loss in one ear that spreads to the other. It could take some time, such as several weeks or months, for this to occur.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Fullness in the ear
  • Dizziness or problems with balance
  • Vertigo, a sense that you are spinning
  • Tinnitus, roaring, ringing, or hissing in your ear

You can get the best treatment from the Best ENT specialists in Pakistan via Marham. Dail the Marham Helpline: 0311-1222398 to book your appointment now!

Causes of Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied)

The causes of AIED may include:

  • When the body's immune system becomes uncontrolled, it attacks the inner ear protein, causing immune complexes and antibodies to form, eventually leading to hearing loss in both ears.
  • The immune system attacks cochlin, a protein that is found in the inner ear.
  • During the immune response of the inner ear, the endolymphatic sac can become dilated.

Also, read more about the 5 Best Home Remedies for Ear Infections

Preventive Measures of Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (Aied)

There is no data available on how one can prevent it as it is an autoimmune disease. But there are several treatment options which are described below.

Treatment Of AIED 

The doctor will give you a drug that helps with inflammation. High doses of steroids work well for AIED, but you can not take them for long due to their many side effects. 

  • Once you have taken steroids, your doctor might prescribe a medication that will calm your immune system.
  • If the hearing loss is severe, your doctor might recommend you a cochlear implant.
  • The doctor might suggest gene therapy. The new genes may enable damaged ear cells to start working again.