Anthrax is a deadly infectious illness produced by Bacillus anthracis, a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium. Anthrax is a naturally occurring pathogen that affects both domestic and wild animals worldwide. Anthrax is most prevalent in agricultural areas of Central and South America, Sub-Saharan Africa, central and southwestern Asia, southern and eastern Europe, and the Caribbean. Individuals can become ill if they come into touch with diseased animals or contaminated animal products. Anthrax may infect both humans and animals and cause serious disease.
Anthrax is not contagious, which means you cannot contract it from another person, unlike the common cold or flu.
When anthrax spores enter the body, they infect people. When anthrax spores enter the body, they can become "activated." When bacteria become active, they can proliferate, move throughout the body, generate toxins (poisons), and cause serious disease.
This can happen when people breathe in spores, ingest spore-contaminated food or drink, or receive spores in a wound or scrape on their skin. It is extremely rare for anyone in the United States to become infected with anthrax.
The symptoms of anthrax differ depending on the kind. Symptoms usually emerge one week after exposure. In some cases, symptoms of anthrax inhalation might not appear for two months. Symptoms vary depending on the kind and include:
Anthrax spores are produced by anthrax bacteria, which may be found in soil in most regions of the world. The spores might lay dormant for years before finding their way into a host. The most common hosts of Anthrax are wild or domestic livestock, such as
Anthrax is still prevalent in parts of the developing globe, including Central and South America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia and southwestern Asia, southern and eastern Europe, and the Caribbean.
The majority of human cases of anthrax are caused through contact with infected animals or their meat or skins.
You must come into close touch with anthrax spores to contract anthrax. This is more probable if you do the following:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States suggests the following steps to avoid illness after being exposed to anthrax spores: