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Blastomycosis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention in Pakistan

Blastomycosis in Urdu

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Prof. Dr. Javed A...

5 / 5 (899 Reviews)

Experience: 40 years

Rs. 3,000

Prof. Dr. Talat N...

5 / 5 (655 Reviews)

Experience: 40 years

Rs. 3,000

Asst. Prof. Dr. S...

5 / 5 (625 Reviews)

Experience: 10 years

Rs. 1,000

Asst. Prof. Dr. M...

5 / 5 (449 Reviews)

Experience: 13 years

Rs. 2,500

Assoc. Prof. Dr....

5 / 5 (362 Reviews)

Experience: 17 years

Rs. 2,500

Prof. Dr. Ghulam...

5 / 5 (295 Reviews)

Experience: 42 years

Rs. 1,200

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Summary about Blastomycosis in English

Blastomycosis is a fungal infection caused by a special type of fungus known as Blastomyces. The infection cause flu or lungs infections like symptoms that includes fever, cough, sneezing, headache, muscle aches, chills, etc. The prognosis of blastomycosis is variable; most patients recover easily, but immunocompromised patients have a prognosis that can vary from good to poor. The disease is caused by inhaling the spores of the fungus. 

The Blastomyces fungus grow in damp places usually in wood or soil.
The infection should be treated by the health professional and follow-up is very important in this case, as the chances of reinfection are there.
The fungi can infect humans and animals (for example, dogs, cats, bats, lions, horses) and cause blastomycosis in them.

Symptoms of Blastomycosis

These are the common blastomycosis symptoms.

  • Fever.
  • Cough.
  • Night sweats.
  • Difficulty in Breathing
  • Muscle aches or joint pain.
  • Weight loss.
  • Chest pain.
  • Fatigue (extreme tiredness)

In severe cases, skin lesions can be seen and other body organs are also affected by the infection.

Causes of Blastomycosis

Different types of fungi are responsible for different type of blastomycosis;

  • Blastomyces dermatitidis
  • Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Risk Factors of Blastomycosis

The Blastomycosis infection is caused by the fungus that lives in damp and humid places. So people living in these types of areas are more prone to this infection. Following are the people that are at high risk of getting this infection;

  • Hunters
  • forestry workers
  • campers
  •  farmers

Preventive Measures of Blastomycosis

The treatment of blastomycosis is done with different types of prescription antifungal medications. Itraconazole is the antifungal drug that is used to treat blastomycosis. Medical treatment is done with long-term (six to 12 months) antifungal drugs. Sometimes, the symptoms of blastomycosis go away on their own without the treatment. But if the symptoms prevail and progress from lungs to the whole body, then blastomycosis needs treatment.

Types of Blastomycosis

There are two major types of Blastomycosis:

  • Cutaneous Blastomycosis
  • Pulmonary Blastomycosis

There are two other categories in which Blastomycosis is divided into;

  • North American Blastomycosis
  • South American Blastomycosis

Cutaneous Blastomycosis: 

If the infection affects the skin of the patient, it is known as cutaneous blastomycosis. This infection is caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis.

Pulmonary Blastomycosis:

If the infection affects the lungs, it is known as pulmonary blastomycosis.

North American Blastomycosis:

North American blastomycosis is caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis.

South American Blastomycosis:

Paracoccidioidomycosis, formerly named “South American blastomycosis,” is caused by a fungus endemic to South and Central America, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.

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