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A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of brain cells, forming masses or clusters in the brain. A brain tumor can be either benign/non-cancerous or malignant/cancerous. Brain tumor growth puts pressure on the brain and damages brain tissues. It metastasizes to other body parts; therefore, timely diagnosis and treatment are necessary; otherwise, death can also occur.
A brain tumor is categorized into:
1. Benign Tumors don’t spread to nearby body tissues or organs, rather stay at their primary location, cause compression without tissue invasion, and grow slowly. Being less harmful, they don’t require surgery. But once removed or healed, they are less likely to reoccur.
2. Malignant Tumors occur when the abnormal brain cells uncontrollably divide and spread to nearby organs through the lymphatic system or bloodstream, and hence require emergency treatment.
3. Choroid Plexus Carcinoma is the rarest form of brain tumor, mainly affecting children. It starts from the cerebrospinal fluid-producing brain tissues, thereby increasing brain fluid and thus aggravating the disease.
The symptoms of a brain tumor depend upon its size, location, and growth. Yet, a few common symptoms include:
Severe headache that doesn’t go away on its own or persists for a few minutes to multiple hours
Vision alterations might occur when the tumor inserts the pressure on the optic nerve
Speech issues occur when a tumor exists in the cerebrum’s frontal or temporal lobe
Hearing issues because of tumor growth on acoustic neuromas nerve responsible for hearing
Difficulty in maintaining balance due to headache, nausea, and weakness
Behavioral changes, fatigue, confusion, irritability, or even seizure
Any of these symptoms should not be ignored as serious complications might result. Consult the best doctors in Pakistan listed on Marham for brain tumor treatment.
Brain tumors might result because of:
A person with a family history of brain tumor, so he genetically inherit the disease
Under or overage, thus, occur in children or older adults
Weak immune system and exposure to infections, viruses, or allergens inducing abnormal brain cell growth
Head injuries inducing brain clots or abnormal cell growth
A brain tumor is diagnosed with:
Computed Tomography scan
Positron emission tomography scan
A magnetic resonance imaging scan
A brain tumor is treated with the following options:
Medication including alkylating agents, antineoplastics, or antiangiogenics
Surgeries like a biopsy, craniotomy, or neuro endoscopy
Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy
Unfortunately, brain tumors can't be prevented. Yet, its developing risks can be lowered by:
Eating a balanced diet
Limiting exposure to radiation, insecticides, pesticides, and carcinogens