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Congenital/ Acquired Hearing Loss - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Congenital/ Acquired Hearing Loss in Urdu

پیدائشی سماعت کی کمی کا مطلب ہے کہ پیدائش کے وقت سماعت کی خرابی موجود ہے یا پیدائش کے فوراً بعد ہو سکتی ہے۔ ایک حاصل شدہ سماعت سے محروم ہونے کا مطلب ہے کسی حادثے یا چوٹ کے بعد سماعت کے حواس میں خرابی۔ زیادہ تر سماعت کا نقصان ان کی زندگی کی ابتدائی عمر میں ہوتا ہے، جیسے بچپن یا بچپن۔

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Summary about Congenital/ Acquired Hearing Loss in English

Congenital hearing loss means a hearing defect present at birth or may happen soon after birth. An acquired hearing loss means a defect in hearing senses after an accident or injury. Most hearing loss occurs at an early age of their life, such as infancy or childhood.

Hearing Loss Facts and Figures

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, all newborns should be tested to check if they have hearing loss one month after birth. Some facts and statistics about congenital hearing loss have been listed below:

Incidence of Congenital Hearing loss<1%
Common inNewborns 
At-Risk GenderMales
Average Age for DiagnosisBefore 12 months
Problems related to Hearing Losstinnitus, cognitive impairment, depression
Specialists Who Treat Hearing LossAudiologists / ENT Specialists

Symptoms of Congenital/ Acquired Hearing Loss

Following are the symptoms of Congenital/Acquired hearing loss;

  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Jaundice
  • Microcephaly
  • Delayed language speech
  • Learning difficulties
  • Not paying attention to sounds
  • Not responding when someone is calling
  • Trouble in hearing background noises
  • Abnormal speech
  • Infants with hearing loss do not turn their heads towards sound producing sources
  • Resistance to listening to the TV at high volumes

You can consult with the Best ENT Specialists in Pakistan if your child has any of the symptoms given above. Book your appointment now!

Causes of Congenital/ Acquired Hearing Loss

Following are the causes for Congenital/Acquired hearing loss;

  • For congenital diseases, almost 25% of children become deaf without any specific reason.
  • There can be some genetic reasons for the congenital hearing loss too. Nearly 50% of children have hereditary deafness, which can be both syndromic and non-syndromic hearing loss.
  • The non-genetic factors also contribute to congenital hearing loss, which can be prematurity or low birth weight, severe jaundice at birth, infection during pregnancy, and medications given to treat infections.
  • Acquired hearing loss can happen because of any illness such as meningitis, some medications, or severe ear infections or injury.
  • In children, mainly hearing loss occurs because they learn to talk, and then they get post-lingual hearing loss.

Preventive Measures of Congenital/ Acquired Hearing Loss

  • For maintaining ear health, the mother must be making conscious efforts during pregnancy. 
  • Avoiding the causes mentioned above during pregnancy or later in a child's life would help you prevent hearing loss. 
  • But if the hearing loss is genetic, then you may contact a doctor. 

Treatment of Hearing Loss

  • Its treatment includes targeted screening at an early age so that the deafness or loss of hearing may get detected at an early age of life. 
  • It is reported that early detection of hearing loss may help the doctors to treat the person better for dealing with hearing loss. 
  • After the detection of hearing loss, hearing detection and interventions are given to the children.