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Congenital Heart Diseases - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Congenital Heart Diseases in Urdu

یہ پیدائشی طور پر دل کی ساخت میں ہونے والے نقائص کی وجہ  ہونے والی بیماریاں ہیں۔ ان کی وجہ سے زندگی کو سنگین خطرات لاحق ہو سکتے ہیں۔ ان میں سے بعض بیماریاں خطرناک نہیں ہیں اور بعض مہلک ثابت ہو سکتی ہیں۔ یہ بیماریاں قابل علاج ہیں لیکن ایسے بچوں کو بڑے ہو کر بھی طبی نگہداشت کی ضرورت پیش آ سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Congenital Heart Diseases in English

Congenital heart defects (congenital heart disease) are one or more abnormalities in the structure of the heart. This most common congenital anomaly can alter the circulation in your heart. The shortcomings range from the simple, which do not pose a problem, to the complex ones, which can lead to life-threatening complications. Advances in diagnosis and treatment mean that most babies who die of congenital heart disease survive into adulthood. However, signs and symptoms may later appear in adults, even in children who have been treated as children. If you have congenital heart disease, you may need lifelong attention. Ask your doctor how often you should be considered an adult.

Symptoms of Congenital Heart Diseases

Babies or children having congenital heart disease suffer from mild to moderate level of following symptoms;

  • Rapid heartbeat.
  • Rapid breathing.
  • Cyanosis-a blue tinge to the skin or lips 
  • Tiredness and rapid breathing issue while baby is feeding
  • Swelling of the legs, tummy 
  • Swelling around the eyes.
  • Extreme tiredness and fatigue.

Causes of Congenital Heart Diseases

Congenital heart disease is caused by following factors;

  • Alcohol consumption by mother
  • Smoking 
  • Genetic factors
  • Diabetes
  • German measles (rubella virus)
  • Some medications if consumed by the mother

Preventive Measures of Congenital Heart Diseases

To prevent congenital heart disease in your baby, should change your lifestyle and do the following things;

  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Take folic acid in first trimester
  • Prevent rubella by immunization

Treatment

Many children and babies don’t need treatment for congenital heart disease, but some need the treatment like;

  • Medications
  • Medicines
  • Catheter procedures
  • Surgery
  • Heart transplants