Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease is a neurodegenerative condition. It occurs rarely but has severe effects on your brain.
It gradually destroys your brain cells and causes small holes to form in your brain. People who have this experience changes in speech and gait, difficulty in controlling body movements and dementia. This disease is not curable, and a person dies within one year when the symptoms appear. There are several types of CJD. It can be transmitted, inherited and may develop sporadically, with no identifiable pattern. Classic CJD affects people over 60, while variant CJD affects the younger generation.
In classic and variant CJD, dementia results in the deterioration of your body and mind. Symptoms of CJD are:
Whether it is a Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or its variants, both belong to a broad group of animal and human diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. This name is derived from the spongy holes in the affected brain tissue and is only seen through a microscope. The leading cause of this disease is abnormal versions of a protein known as a prion. Usually, our body produces these proteins and is not harmful. But when there is any abnormality, they become infectious and may harm your biological processes.
This disease occurs with no known reasons in most cases, so risk factors may not be identified. However, there are a few factors believed to be associated with CJD:
Scientists are investigating how this disease affects your brain to develop treatments. To avoid Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, most countries have given strict guidelines to manage infected cows.
Preventive measures include:
Anyone who is taking care of a patient with CJD must follow guidelines including: