Decubitus Ulcer - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Decubitus Ulcer in Urdu

اس السر کو بیڈ ثور بھی کہا جاتا ہے۔ یہ زخم دبائو پڑنے کی وجہ سے بن جاتے ہیں۔ عام طور پر یہ ایڑھیوں، کولہوں اور ریڑھ کی ہڈی کے آختی حصے پے بنتے ہیں۔ یہ ان افراد میں پائے جاتے ہیں جو مسلسل بستر یا کرسی پر رنتے ہیں۔ عمر رسیدہ اور معذور افراد میں ان کی شکایت زیادہ دیکھنے میں آتی ہے۔

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Summary about Decubitus Ulcer in English

Decubitus ulcers, also known as bedsores and pressure sores. It is skin and underlying tissue lesions caused by prolonged pressure on the skin. Most often, wounds develop on the skin that covers the bony areas of the body, such as heels, ankles, hips, and tailbone. Patients at increased risk of pressure sores are those with a disease that limits their posture or those who spend most of their time in bed or on a chair. The eschar can develop quickly. Most wounds heal with treatment, but some never heal completely. You can take steps to prevent bedsores and help heal. It is commonly known as pressure ulcer, pressure sore or bed sore. It is characterized by an open wound on the skin, mostly developing at bony areas of the human body such as; hips ankles and back.
Causes
The main cause involves the pressure on the bony area and other reasons may involve;

  • Scraping or rubbing against a hard or rough surface
  • Wearing soiled clothes or undergarments for longer periods.

Signs and Symptoms
These may involve;

  • skin discoloration
  • pain in the affected area
  • infection
  • open skin wound
  • skin that doesn’t lighten the touch
  • softening of the skin more than the surrounding area

Treatment options

  • Medication therapy may involve; antibacterial drugs
  • Maintenance of hygiene
  • Surgery is may recommended in severe cases
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