Dysentery, an infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the bowel, abdominal pain, and diarrhea with stool, often containing blood and mucus. Dysentery is the leading cause of childhood illness and death, especially among children living in less developed countries. There are two main types: dysentery of the striatum and amoeba, each induced by bacteria and amoebae.
Transverse dysentery or shigellosis is caused by Shigella bacteria. From a symptomatic point of view, the disease presents a mild epileptic seizure that starts quickly and leads to death, caused by dehydration and bacterial intoxication by toxins. After an incubation period of one to six days, the disease begins rapidly with fever and frequent, loose stools that may contain blood. Vomiting can also occur and dehydration is quickly evident due to the abundant loss of body fluids.