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How can I find treatment of Endometriosis?

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a disease common in females and affects 10% of women worldwide that develops when the tissues similar to the lining of the uterus grow outside the uterus in the pelvic region. Endometriosis generally affects the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissue lining of the pelvis. This condition causes intense pain and heavy periods as the tissues that are similar to the endometrium, thicken and break similar to the endometrium.

Endometriosis treatment in Bagh is provided by the Gynecologist doctor.

Causes of Endometriosis

The possible causes of endometriosis are unknown but the possible reasons causing endometriosis include;

  • Retrograde menstruation - also known as reverse menstruation during which the menstrual blood flows back into the fallopian tube

  • Immune system disorders - during which the immune system fails to recognize the endometriosis tissue growth 

  • Genetic factors

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Some of the commonly experienced symptoms of endometriosis include the following;

  • Pelvic pain is associated with menstrual pain but is more severe and intense

  • Pain during or after sex

  • Pain during urination, especially when you have periods

  • Heavy bleeding during menstruation

  • Excessive bloating, constipation, and diarrhea during periods

  • Bleeding and spotting during the menstrual cycle is a common indication of endometriosis

Diagnosis of endometriosis

Endometriosis is diagnosed based on the symptoms you experience. The gynecologist may ask for personal and family history to evaluate the disease.

The tests may include;

  • Pelvic exam: During the pelvic exam, the doctor feels the cysts in the uterus. The smaller areas of endometriosis are difficult to be detected by pelvic examination

  • Ultrasound: It helps in diagnosing the ovarian cysts in the ovaries that develop from endometriosis

  • MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an imaging technique used for a detailed image of the pelvic region

  • Laparoscopy: It is a minimally invasive procedure to look inside the pelvic region for diagnostic purposes. However, during certain cases, the doctor may take a sample of the tissues during endometriosis for evaluation

Treatment of Endometriosis in Bagh

Depending on the severity of the symptoms, endometriosis involves the following treatment options;

  • Medications like NSAIDs are often prescribed to reduce the intensity of the pain

  • Hormone therapy including progestin and birth control pills (contraceptives) is often prescribed

  • Surgery is recommended in severe cases when the tissue growths do not respond to the medication. It is performed to remove endometrial lesions.

Complications associated with Endometriosis

If left untreated, endometriosis may result in certain complications such as;

  • Infertility is associated with endometriosis as the fallopian tube gets damaged. This does not allow the egg to reach the sperm for fertilization leading to infertility

  • Progression to cancer especially the ovarian cancer

  • Damage to the uterus and other organs

  • Development of scar tissues and adhesions

  • Chronic pain

  • Development of ovarian cysts

  • Problems with urination

Prevention of Endometriosis

Endometriosis can not be prevented but the risks of the disease may be lowered by certain lifestyle modifications that may include;

  • Eating healthy like fruits

  • Pregnancy 

  • Breastfeeding

  • Exercising  regularly

  • Avoiding excessive intake of caffeine

Risks of Endometriosis

Endometriosis can affect any woman of reproductive age however, the risks of developing the disease increase in certain conditions that include;

  • Family history of endometriosis

  • Abnormal uterus

  • Menstruation that started at an early age (below 11 years)

  • Short menstrual cycle

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding that lasts for greater than 7 days

  • Never giving birth

  • Low BMI (body mass index)

  • Menopause at an older age

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