کھانے پینے کی اشیا کا ٹھیک سے پکا ہوا نہ ہونا یا مناسب صفائی کی کمی کے باعث فوڈ پوئزننگ کی شکایت ہو سکتی ہے۔ اس کی علامات میں قے، متلی اور اسہال شامل ہیں۔ فوڈپوائزننگ کے بعض کیسز گھر پر ہی ٹھیک ہو جاتے ہیں لیکن سنگین علامات کی صورت میں ہسپتال میں داخلہ اور علاج ضروری ہو جاتا ہے۔
Food poisoning is caused by eating food that is contaminated with bacteria and other infectious organisms like viruses and parasites. These organisms and their toxins are the most common cause of food poisoning. If proper care and hygiene principles are not followed during the process of cooking and preparation of food it can lead to contamination of food. Many times food poisoning victims get better at home whereas some severe cases may need hospitalization and proper medical care. Major symptoms of food poisoning are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. It mostly is treated and managed by the use of antibiotics and rehydrating liquids.
The symptoms of food poisoning vary depending on the source of the contamination. Most commonly these are:
Signs and symptoms may appear several hours after eating contaminated food and may persist for several days.
Food contamination can occur at any stage of production, preparation, and packaging of food. The risk is greater for cold foods like salads and ready to eat items which are not cooked prior to eating. Contamination can occur due to improper handling, from contaminated surfaces or use of tools that harbor infectious organisms or toxins.
Risk of food poisoning is greater for:
Symptoms of food poisoning can be more pronounced during pregnancy. This is why special care and precautions are suggested for pregnatnt ladies are stressed by gynecologists. Sometimes the effects of this condition can affect the unborn child as well.
Kids below 3 Years of Age:
Due to underdeveloped immunity to infectious organisms, this group can get severely affected by contaminated foods.
People with Chronic Conditions:
Certain diseases like diabetes, AIDs, and treatments like chemotherapy can suppress your immunity and make you more vulnerable to foodborne ailments.
Practice following precautions to stay safe from food poisoning: