Glioma is a type of tumor that formed in the spinal cord and brain. Gliomas start in the sticky support cells (glial cells) that surround the nerve cells and help them function. Three types of glial cells can produce tumors. Gliomas are classified according to the type of tumor involved in the tumor and the genetic characteristics of the tumor, which can help predict the tumor's behavior over time and the treatments most likely to be effective.
The types of gliomas are Astrocytomas including anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma. Ependymomas, including anaplastic ependymomas, myxopapillary ependymomas, and subependymomas. Oligodendrogliomas, including oligodendrogliomas, anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, and anaplastic oligoastrocytomas. Depending on the localization and rate of growth, glioma can affect brain function and put lives at risk. Glioma treatment options typically include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and experimental clinical trials.