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Glomus Tumors In The Ear. - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Glomus Tumors In The Ear. in Urdu

گلومس ٹیومر کو گردن اور سر کا پیراگینگلیوماس کہتے ہیں۔ یہ ٹیومر سومی ہوتے ہیں، لیکن یہ مقامی طور پر ناگوار ہوتے ہیں کیونکہ یہ گلومس خلیوں سے پیدا ہوتے ہیں۔ ٹیومر کے نام جسم کے اندر ان کے مختلف مقامات کے مطابق مختلف ہوتے ہیں۔ گلومس ٹیومر تنہا اور انتہائی عروقی ہوتے ہیں۔ یہ ٹیومر آہستہ بڑھنے والے اور سومی ہوتے ہیں۔ ان کی شرح اموات 15 فیصد سے بھی کم ہے۔ لیکن ان کی موجودگی ارد گرد کے اعصاب اور بافتوں کو بہت زیادہ نقصان پہنچا سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Glomus Tumors In The Ear. in English

Glomus tumor is called paragangliomas of the neck and head. These tumors are benign, but they are invasive locally as they arise from glomus cells. The name of tumors varies according to their different locations inside the body. Glomus tumors are solitary and highly vascular. These tumors are slow-growing and benign. They have a mortality rate of less than 15 percent. But their presence can cause lots of damage to surrounding nerves and tissues.

Glomus Tumor Facts and Statistics

According to DukeHealth glomus tumors in the ear are quite rare but can cause serious problems if they are not treated in time. Some further facts about glomus tumors have been listed below:

Prevalence of Glomus Tumors 1 case per 1.3 million people
Common inAdults
At-Risk GenderFemales
Average Age for Diagnosis40 to 70 years
Problems related to Glomus TumorsEar pain, hearing loss, bleeding from the ear
Specialists Who Treat Glomus TumorsAudiologist / ENT Specialists


Symptoms of Glomus Tumors In The Ear.

Mainly the common symptoms of glomus tumors are

  • Facial palsies
  • Hearing loss

But the symptoms of glumos tumor depend on the place of the ear where the tumor is present. So let's see their signs according to their location.

The tumor of the jugular bulb (glomus jugulare tumor) has the following symptoms.

  • Ear pain
  • Shoulder droop
  • Bleeding from ear
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hearing loss

The tumor inside the carotid arteries, called a carotid body tumor, has the following symptoms.

  • Hoarseness
  • A mass in the neck
  • Trouble swallowing

The tumor in the neck is called a glomus vagale tumor which has the below symptoms;

  • A mass in the neck
  • Weakness or paralysis part of the face known as facial palsy

The tumor of the middle ear is called as glomus tympanicrum showing the following symptoms

  • Hearing loss
  • Bleeding from the ear
  • Pulsing or ringing in one ear

Most of the time, the tumor also affects the stress hormone level, which is epinephrine and norepinephrine. It causes the following effects such as

Causes of Glomus Tumors In The Ear.

The glomus tumor is usually produced in the skull's temporal bone, which is called a jugular foramen. This area has nerve fibers which are called glomus bodies.

  • Any changes in blood pressure and body temperature can cause mutation in these bodies.
  • The actual cause of this tumor is not known, but it is somehow associated with different risk factors.
  • Usually, these tumors are associated with mutations in the gene used in enzyme succinate dehydrogenase (SDHD).

These tumors often happen in the age 60-70. However, it can appear at any age too. 

Preventive Measures of Glomus Tumors In The Ear.

  • There are no specific preventions for glomus tumors in the ears, but any internal changes can trigger the tumor's growth. However, you may go to the following treatment after its onset.

Treatment

The treatment used for glumos tumors inside the ear is;

  • Transmastoid surgical approach to remove tumors from ear

You can consult with the Best Surgeons in Pakistan for the treatment of ear tumors. Book your appointment now!