Hodgkin's lymphoma, formerly known as Hodgkin's disease, is a cancer of the lymphatic system that is part of your immune system. Hodgkin's lymphoma is the tumor of the lymphatic system which affects the immune cells called lymphocytes. It directly affects the immune system and compromises your body's ability to fight infection. The tumorous cells can pass through the lymphatic ducts and easily spread to other parts of the body. It can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in people between the ages of 20 and 40 or older than 55. In Hodgkin's lymphoma, the cells of the lymphatic system develop abnormally and can spread further.
Hodgkin's lymphoma is one of the two most common cancers of the lymphatic system. The other type, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, is much more common. Advancement in the diagnosis and treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma have allowed people with this disease to fully recover. In people with Hodgkin's lymphoma, the prognosis continues to improve. It may arise in different forms of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, cutaneous B or T cell leukemia. All types can recognize by following signs
- Painless swelling of lymph nodes in your neck, armpits or groin
- Persistent fatigue
- Fever and chills
- Night Sweats
- Sudden and rapid weight loss
To get rid of this deadly condition immunotherapy, chemotherapy, radiation exposure or surgical excision may be used.