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Hyperacusis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Hyperacusis in Urdu

ہائپراکیوسز سے مراد ایسی حالت ہے جس میں انسان کو کام ماحول کی آوازیں برداشت نہیں ہو سکتی ہیں اور کان میں درد اور بے چینی کا سبب بنتی ہیں ۔ اس بیماری میں بعض اوقات عام سی آوازیں بھی اتنی تیز محسوس ہوتی ہیں کہ ان کو برادشت کرنا مشکل ہو جاتا ہے ۔ عام طور پر اس بیماری میں سیٹی کی آواز ، گھنٹیوں کا بچنا اور کانوں میں سنسناہٹ شامل ہوتی ہے ۔اکثراوقات یہ تکلیف دونوں کانوں میں ہوتی ہے مگر بعض اوقات اس سے صرف ایک کان بھی متاثر ہو سکتا ہے ۔اس بیماری کے حامل افراد آوازوں سے خوفزدہ ہونے لگتے ہیں اور تیز آوازیں ان کو متاثر کر سکتی ہیں

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Summary about Hyperacusis in English

Hyperacusis can be defined medically as "an abnormal intolerance to common environmental sounds resulting in discomfort and pain inside ears." In this disease, your tolerance towards the disease gets reduced, and some ordinary sounds may perceive as loud and explosive to hearing senses. Commonly in hyperacusis, buzzing, ringing, whistling, and distortion of sounds may be associated. Most of the time, both ears are affected by this disease, but sometimes, only one ear can also be affected. Other types related to reduced tolerance are phonophobia and loudness recruitment.

Hyperacusis Facts and Figures

According to ENT Health, hyperacusis can affect people of all ages in one or both ears. Some statistics about this hyperacusis have been listed below:

Prevalence of Hyperacusis 0.2%−17.2%
Common inChildren
At-Risk GenderFemales
Problems related to Hyperacusistinnitus, distortion, ringing in ears
Specialists Who Treat HyperacusisAudiologist / ENT Specialists


Symptoms of Hyperacusis

The symptoms of hyperacusis can appear suddenly or slowly. these symptoms may include;

  • Worsen sensitivity towards sound sometimes
  • Worse tinnitus and distortion because of loud noises
  • Often experience a popping sensation inside the ear
  • Discomfort and pain because of sudden loud noises
  • You may take your sound too distorted and loud
  • Low-intensity sounds may appear as too loud

The symptoms may vary from person to person. Their intensity can be high in some people but not in everyone. It also depends on the damage inside the ear.

Causes of Hyperacusis

The potential causes for hyperacusis are;

  • Surgery of the ear
  • Head injury
  • Changes in hearing ability because of aging
  • Exposure to loud noise such as explosion
  • Working in a noisy environment for a long time
  • Certain medications
  • A heavy slap on the ear
  • Medical procedures such as clearing the inner ear blockage may produce increased sensitivity to sound
  • Facial nerve's paralysis

Most of the people have sound intolerance only in their one ear. We can probably call it acoustic neuroma. The tumors can be easily removed once they are found.

If you have any of the symptoms given above consult a doctor now! Book an appointment with the Best ENT Specialists in Pakistan via Marham.


Preventive Measures of Hyperacusis

The exact cause of hyperacusis is unknown in the ears, as you may experience it because of any mentioned above causes. There are some steps that you may take to prevent any disturbance inside your hearing senses. This includes;

  • Wearing ear protection, especially when going in places with loud noises
  • Make yourself aware that sounds louder than 85 decibels can be alarming for your hearing senses
  • Try to listen to things at a reduced volume, such as music
  • You may take sound therapy as it helps you to manage yourself according to the environmental sounds

Treatment

The treatment used for hyperacusis is usually not based on medical procedures; most people get the treatment for this disease through different psychological therapies such as;

  • Sound exposure therapies
  • Retraining therapy
  • Acoustic therapy