Rabies - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Rabies in Urdu

یہ بیماری ایک وائرس کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے جو کہ متاثرہ جانوروں کی رال میں پایا جاتا ہے۔ ایسے جانوروں کے کاٹنے سے یہ وائرس انسانوں میں منتقل ہو سکتا ہے۔ اس کا عام ذریعہ چمگادڑیں، بلیاں، کتے اور خرگوش ہیں

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Dr. Pawan Kumar

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Summary about Rabies in English

Rabies is a deadly viral disease transmitted to humans by the bite of infected animals. Rabies virus is present in the saliva of affected animals. Most commonly these animals are bats, dogs, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, and skunks. Sadly, once someone gets affected by this virus it causes irreversible damage and is fatal. This is the reason anyone at high risk of this disease should consider getting vaccinated to stay safe.

Symptoms of Rabies

Symptoms of rabies, in the beginning, are just like the flu which lasts for days. After some days other accompanying symptoms might be as follows:

  • Headache
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Hydrophobia
  • Agitation
  • Anxiety 
  • Hyperactivity
  • Increased salivation
  • Hallucinations
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Partial paralysis

Causes of Rabies

Rabies is caused by the rabies virus. It is transmitted to humans by the bite if affected animals. Animals that can transmit rabies include both wild and pet animals. Cats, cows, dogs, bats, foxes, horses, monkeys and raccoons can transmit this disease by biting.

Risk Factors of Rabies

Risk factors for rabies are:

  • Traveling to areas where rabies is common. 
  • Having a pet that spends time with stray animals.
  • Areas where bats are common.
  • Activities that put you in close contact with wild animals.
  • Laboratory reaserch work involving rabies virus.

Preventive Measures of Rabies

Rabies can be prevented by the use of a vaccine. Also avoiding contact with wild animals and keeping an eye in your pets is key to stay safe. Getting your pet animals vaccinated for rabies is another safety precaution to consider.

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