Toxic shock syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal complication of some types of bacterial infections. Toxic shock syndrome is often the result of toxins produced by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (Staph), but this state can also be caused by toxins produced by the group A streptococcus bacteria (Streptococcus). Toxic shock syndrome has been associated mainly with the use of superabsorbent buffers. Since manufacturers have removed certain types of tampons from the market, the incidence of toxic shock syndrome has decreased in menstruating women. Toxic shock syndrome can affect all people, men, boys, and menopausal women. Risk factors for toxic shock syndrome include skin lesions and surgery.
It is manifested by following signs
- sudden high-grade fever
- Low blood pressure
- Sunburns like rash on palms and soles
- Muscle aches
- Redness of eyes, mouth, and throat
It is treated with antibiotics with blood pressure maintaining drugs and rehydration fluids.