In general, cardiovascular disease is a name for more than 20 different kinds of heart diseases. Millions of people around the world are suffering from this disease annually. In some cases, it turns into death.
Two most important and prevailing heart diseases these days are:
- Coronary heart disease
Coronary Heart Disease:
In coronary heart disease, the major culprit is atherosclerosis. It is a disease of arteries that may be characterized by plaque deposition and placement of fatty materials on the inner walls. This results in the narrowed arteries and lessens the blood flow; sometimes it completely stops the flow. Cholesterol and fats deposit in the lining of an artery. The development of plaque obstructs blood flow over the time and results in a complete blockage of flow through the artery. Coronary arteries deliver fuel and oxygen to the heart muscle itself, any blockage in the flow may result in the death of that part of the heart. These blockages may result in severe conditions like heart attack and death. Physical inactivity is the major risk factor for coronary heart disease. Other factor includes:
- Elevated blood lipids and
- Type 2 diabetes
These are all modifiable risk factors. Regular aerobic exercise has been shown beneficial in lowering cholesterol levels. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) is considered as the bad cholesterol because it is deposited in coronary arteries to develop plaque and blockage. Regular aerobic exercise raises HDL (High-density lipoprotein). HDL is considered as good cholesterol due to its ability to remove LDL cholesterol from the blood.
For adults, when a resting systolic blood pressure is 140 mmHg or greater and the diastolic pressure is 90 mmHg or greater than an individual is considered to bear hypertension. There are several associated complications with chronic hypertension that includes:
- Heart failure
- Kidney disease
- Heart attacks
Physical activity for a hypersensitive person is very important. Regular aerobic exercise may help to reduce systolic and diastolic pressure in subjects with hypertension. In many cases, exercise is similarly as effective as anti-hypersensitive drugs without any side effects.
Aerobics- an easy solution
It is a form of physical exercise that is a combination of rhythmic aerobic exercise and strength training routines. The goal of aerobics is to achieve all elements of fitness like muscular strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness.
Here is a list of aerobics exercises that may help a person bearing cardiovascular diseases:
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