Hepatitis is a very common & contagious medical condition that inflames the liver, which is an important organ for metabolism and breaking down of food in the digestive system. To date, there are at least 05 different types of viral hepatitis: A, B, C, D and E. These include autoimmune hepatitis & hepatitis caused is a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against the liver tissue.
Our liver is located in the right upper area of our abdomen. It helps in many fundamental functions that affect metabolism throughout our body, including-
- Bile production ( Helps in digestion )
- Excretion of bilirubin ( which breaks red blood cells)
- Storing Glycogen ( A form of Sugar, mineral & vitamin )
- Activation of enzymes
- Synthesis of blood protein (albumin)
- Filtering Of toxins from the body
- Breaks Carbohydrates, Fats & Proteins
- Synthesis of clotting factors
Below are mentioned Five Types of Hepatitis that are best managed and treated with the help of a hepatologist i-e a liver specialist. You can find and consult with the best liver specialists in Lahore, Karachi and other main cities via Marham.pk.
Hepatitis A is spread by either indirect contact with an infected person’s feces or by direct faecal contamination of food or water and is most common in countries where sanitation is poor. Its symptoms include-
- Dark urine
- Light stool
Hepatitis B is broadcasted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as urine, blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Having sex with an infected partner, injection drug use, or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B. It can even transfer to mother to her infants soon after birth. Hepatitis B symptoms include-
- Abdominal pain
- Joint pains
Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus and is the most common type of viral hepatitis. It’s usually spread through the exposure to contaminated blood or needles or contact with an infected person. Hepatitis C often occurs with no noticeable symptoms, or only flu-like symptoms, so many people are unaware that they’re infected. Symptoms of HCV are similar to other types of hepatitis. Both HBV and HCV increase a person’s risk for liver cancer. Chronic & Contagious hepatitis C can be treated with very effective antiviral medications, but there’s currently no vaccine available.
Hepatitis D is caused by the hepatitis D virus. It only affects individuals who are already infected with hepatitis B, as it needs the hepatitis B virus to be able to survive in the body. It is spread through blood-to-blood contact or sexual contact. There’s no vaccine specifically for hepatitis D, but the hepatitis B vaccine can help protect from it.
Hepatitis E is caused by the ‘E’ Hepatitis virus. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is found in underdeveloped areas of the world and is spread by the faecal/oral route. HEV usually goes away on its own.
If you or someone you know is suffering from any of the above-mentioned conditions do not delay to consult with a doctor and get proper treatment to get rid of this disease.