6 Causes of Neonatal Death

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Neonatal death is when a baby dies in the first 28 days of life and in this bad happening Pakistan is at 2nd number. You cannot measure the grief of the parents whose baby expires after safe birth but you can know its causes, through this article, to avoid this.

Common Causes of Neonatal Death:

Although sometimes a number of diseases can be the reason behind infant demise mostly there are certain complications involved that lead to the loss of a new life. Here some of those unfortunate causes are being discussed:

Premature Birth:

This is when a baby is born too early, before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Early born babies die because they suffer from more health problems like heart and respiratory issues than babies born on time. and when the little angel suffers the hinderance in breathing or blood circulation then survival chances reduce to zero.

Low Birth Weight:

This is when a baby is born weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces. Babies born too small may have more health problems than babies born at a healthy weight. To check the baby weight during whole pregnancy and to take essential steps to maintain healthy body weight consult the best gynecologist in Islamabad, Lahore or Karachi via Marham.pk.

Birth Defects:

Birth defects are medical abnormalities that are present at birth. These abnormalities can change the shape or function of one or more vital body organs like heart, brain or lungs. They can cause problems in overall health and cause mortality in newborn.

The Pediatric Surgeon talks about Child surgery, Birth defects and Circumcision techniques.

Pregnancy Complications:

If the pregnant lady is the victim of high blood pressure, diabetes, hepatitis or anemia then newborn will pay the tariff in form of death. All these complications lead to low birth weight as they are associated with a nutrient deficiency or birth defects as they can act as teratogens. and in result neonate failed to survive.

Placental Problem:

The placenta grows in mother uterus to supply food and oxygen to the baby and cut out after birth. A little mistake in this cutting process after baby birth, abruption before birth or blood clot in it and any abnormality in shape or size of the placenta are directly related to serious medical complications which take the baby into an early grave.


A vast variety of infections like sepsis; the blood infection or asphyxia; the situation when the baby doesn’t get enough oxygen before or during birth is also one of the major causes of neonatal deaths. General respiratory tract infections, zika, HSV, and rubella are also life-threatening infections of newborn.

Every parent cares the newborn to full extent, but little knowledge is dangerous, so take the expert medical professional advice to save the newborn life.

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Tayyaba Waris
She is a student of Ph.D. molecular biology at Comsats University, Islamabad. She is working on the causes and treatment of male infertility. She has also worked on liver disease and its herbal treatments and has recently got her paper published in the National journal of Natural Pharmaceuticals. At Marham, she writes about hot medical issues and general health problems.