The term “heart disease” is used to describe any disorder or disarray of the cardiovascular system, that is heart and blood vessels, that affects the heart’s ability to function normally. Heart disease is also known as cardiovascular disease, coronary heart condition and coronary artery disease.
The heart is the muscular & an athletic organ in the chest that maintains the circulation of blood throughout the body. Blood that has traveled through the body returns to the heart and is pumped-up into the lungs, where it absorbs oxygen. Oxygen-rich blood returns from the lungs enter the heart, and then pumped through the aortic valve into the main artery of the body (aorta) and smaller arteries that travel to the head, arms, abdomen, and legs. These arteries provide oxygen-rich blood to the organs and tissues of the body, that need oxygen to function. The coronary arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the tissues of the heart.
Approximately 610,000 individuals die from a heart condition in the United States every year. It’s being the leading reason for death in both men and women. Coronary cardiovascular disease is the deadliest of all heart diseases, even as it’s the foremost common type.
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Symptoms of Heart Disease
‘Heart disease’, Which is also known as a “silent killer.” Unluckily, It cannot be diagnosed, until you show signs of a heart attack or heart failure. Symptoms of heart disease vary reckoning on the particular condition. For example, if you’ve got a heart cardiac arrhythmia, symptoms may include-
- Fast or slow heartbeat
- Chest pains
- Shortness of breath
Symptoms of a non-inheritable (present at birth) heart defect might embody skin discoloration, like a chromatic or pale color. You’ll also notice swelling in your legs and abdomen. You might become easily tired or have shortness of breath shortly after beginning any kind of physical activity.
If you’ve got weak heart muscles, physical activity might cause fatigue and shortness of breath, dizziness and swelling in the legs, ankle, or feet are also common with cardiomyopathy. Signs and symptoms of a heart infection can include-
- Skin rash
- Irregular heartbeat
- Swelling in legs and stomach
Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease
Several factors increase your risk of heart disease, like your family history of the illness, age, or ethnicity. Other common risk factors include-
- High blood cholesterol
- Diabetes & Pre-diabetes
- Poor & unhealthy diet
- Lack of exercise or being physically inactive
- Obesity or being overweight
- Stress or Depression
- Poor hygiene or some infectious agent and bacterial infections can affect the heart
- Having a history of preeclampsia during pregnancy
Some risk factors, like age and family history of early cardiovascular disease, cannot be modified. For women, age becomes a high risk factor at 55 & older. After menopause, women are more apt & tending to get heart disease, in part because of their body’s production of estrogen drops. Early & sooner than expected menopause in women, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as doubtless to develop heart disease as women of a similar age who haven’t yet gone through climacteric. You can improve many of these risk factors to reduce your chances of having a first or subsequent heart attack. Heart attack risk factors include.
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Men age ‘45’ or older and women age ‘55’ or older are more likely to own a coronary failure than are younger men and women.
Smoking and semi-permanent exposure to secondhand smoke increase the chance of an attack.
High Blood Pressure
Over time, high blood pressure can damage arteries that feed your heart by accelerating atherosclerosis. High blood pressure that accompanied with obesity, smoking, high cholesterol level or diabetes increases your risk even more.
High Blood Cholesterol or Triglyceride Levels
A high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (‘bad’ cholesterol), is possibly referred to ‘narrow arteries’. A high level of triglycerides, a kind of blood fat associated with your diet, also ups your risk of heart attack. However, a high level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the ‘good’ cholesterol) lowers your risk of heart failure.
Insulin, a hormone secreted by your pancreas, permits your body to use glucose, a form of sugar. Having diabetes, not producing enough insulin or not responding to insulin agent properly, causes your body’s blood sugar levels to rise. Diabetes, especially unrestrained, increases your risk of a heart attack.
Family History of Heart Failure
If your siblings, parents or grandparents have had early heart attacks (by age 55 for male relatives and by age 65 for feminine relatives), you will be at exaggerated risk.
Lack Of Physical Activity
An inactive lifestyle contributes to high blood cholesterol levels and blubber. Those who get regular aerobic exercise have better cardiovascular fitness, which decreases their overall risk of attack. Exercise is also helpful in lowering high blood pressure.
Corpulence or fatness is related to high blood cholesterol levels, high acylglycerol levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Losing just 10 % of your body weight can lower this risk, however.
Seek medical attention if you’ve got any signs of heart problem. It’s very important to address symptoms early since there are many types of heart diseases, each with its own set of symptoms. Feel free & Log On to our website for your medical queries to be answered by Our Highly professional doctors. Click here to find the best Cardiologist in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad & other main cities of Pakistan!
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