9 Factors That Cause Dark Circles

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Dark circles are the biggest nightmare of every girl/ women. These are dark blemishes beneath the eyes. The main concern that anyone could have is that these look embarrassing and makes one look older. There are different ways in which one can develop dark circles. A few are listed below:

  • AGE – Majority of people get dark circles under their eyes as they grow older because the collagen in the skin tends to break down, making the eyelids and the surrounding area more transparent. It is just a fact that most people need to come to terms with.
  • GENETICS – Sometimes it just runs in the families. Chances are if your parents have them then you will display them as well.


  • SEASONAL ALLERGIES – Histamines are released as a result of the seasonal allergies which results in the swelling of blood vessels. In order to check for these, you simply need to stretch the skin if the color does not change then it is likely that the dark circles are due to an allergic reaction.
  • FATIGUE – Another important trigger is being over-worked or not getting enough sleep.
  • ANEMIA – The lack of nutrients in the diet, or the lack of a balanced diet, can contribute to the discoloration of the area under the eyes.
  • MEDICATIONS – Any medications that cause blood vessels to dilate can cause circles under the eyes to darken as the skin under the eyes is very delicate.
  • STRESS – Stress is also an important factor which may cause circles under your eyes.
  • EXCESSIVE EXPOSURE TO SUN – Sun exposure encourages your body to produce more melanin.
  • FLUID RETENTION – As may occur with pregnancy or weight gain.

Must Read: 7 Most Reviewed and Best Dermatologists in Lahore

Treatment of dark circle

The correct remedy for the dark circles under your eyes will, of course, depend on the cause of those dark circles. While the causes of dark eye circles vary, Many simple home remedies can be helpful for addressing a variety of causes.

  • Fruits and veggies: a cold washcloth or a bag of frozen peas can sometimes work wonders. Cucumber slices often work too, of course, but only because they are cool, not because of any component of the cucumber. The tannin in the tea bags helps reduce the swelling and discoloration. Potatoes include the natural bleaching agent that can help reduce the puffiness around the eyes and lighten the skin.

Fruits and veges

  • When sleeping, elevate your head with an extra pillow in order to minimize fluid pooling beneath your eyes.
  • Avoid the excess sun.
  • Sleep
  • Do eye exercise daily.

Cosmetics. Beauty products tend to be more effective at concealing dark circles rather than “curing” them. Some products may be effective, however. Topical products that contain alpha hydroxy acids can help to thicken the skin around your eyes.


  • Laser

This is another option for people who are willing to go to great lengths—and to great expense—to rid themselves of the dark circles under their eyes. Apart from the expense, there are major drawbacks to this kind of surgery—it is extremely painful and it takes many weeks to heal. Still, for many people, laser treatment to remove under-eye circles is worth the pain, expense, and risk.

  • Injections

Dermatologists and plastic surgeons can also offer you “filler injections,” which conceal the melanin and blood vessels that discolor the skin around your eyes. These injections only last for about six months and they are expensive too. They also come with side effects, including swelling, bruising, and the possibility that you may be allergic to them.

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Dr. Sadaf Saleem
She is a graduate of Hamdard University first batch. After doing MBBS, she did her PGD in Nutrition and now she is enrolled in Masters in Medical Education. She has been teaching undergraduate medical students for the past 6-7 years. Currently, she is working in Army Medical College.