In human biology, the total number of people living in a given area (such as a country or the entire world) is constantly changing due to both increases and decreases in deaths and migrations. The terms “overpopulation” and “population explosion” are used to describe the idea of a growing population with dwindling resources.
Pakistan’s total population is 177.1 million, up from 173.5 million the previous year, according to the Pakistan Economic Survey 2010-11. Pakistan ranks sixth among the world’s most populous countries, with a population growth rate of 2.1 percent. Now let’s discuss the main causes of overpopulation in Pakistan.
The following are the main causes of Pakistan’s overpopulation:
Raziq is ALLAH
Muslims believe that God provides food for everyone, including an ant living in a stone. So, why do they reduce family size?
71 percent have a no or low opportunity cost. In Pakistan, women do not participate in economic activities. Women do not suffer any financial losses as a result of having a child. In Pakistan, the cost of having a child is very low, if not zero.
Low Income Per Capita
Per capita income is calculated by dividing national income by the total population. Low per capita income indicates population growth. Pakistan’s per capita income is $ 1254.
It is a term used to describe the state of being unemployed. Unemployment is also seen as a sign of overcrowding. It is difficult to adjust economic activities to accommodate such a large population. Pakistan has a 5.6 percent unemployment rate.
Extremely Rapid Population Growth
The birth rate is extremely high, indicating that our country is overcrowded. Pakistan has a population growth rate of 2.1 percent.
More Earning Hands Are Required
In developing countries like Pakistan, a single person cannot support his large family. He believes that having more children will provide him with more earning potential.
The influx of refugees from India, particularly Afghanistan, has resulted in an increase in population.
Relatively Low Death Rate
Another cause of overpopulation is a decrease in the death rate. In 1951, the death rate was 2.8 percent, but in 2010-11, it was only 0.73 percent.
Low Living Standards
It has been observed that low-income Pakistanis have more children. It is difficult to provide for such a large family. As a result, the population’s living standards are low.
Because of the warm climate, youth and maturity come early in life. It also has the effect of causing rapid population growth.
Family Planning Isn’t Available
In Pakistan, there is no effective family planning. The methods of family planning are unfamiliar to most people. They are hesitant to seek medical advice.
Joint Family System
In a joint family system, there is competition among family members based on the size of the family. It is also a factor in children’s rapid growth.
In Pakistan, marriages usually take place between the ages of 16 and 22. The time it takes to re-productivity is extremely long. Consult Gynecologist if you need any information on early reproductivity.
It is a condition in which a person is unable to read or write. People are unaware of the economic problems caused by a high birth rate due to a lack of education. Pakistan has a literacy rate of 57.7%.
In our county, the dependency ratio is extremely high. Only 32.17 percent of the population participates in economic activities, while the remaining 67.83 percent relies on them. It sees land pressure and population expulsion as a problem.
Polygamy is the state or practice of having multiple wives at the same time. Polygamy is another factor that contributes to population growth.
It is the first step in the process of becoming a city. Many social issues exist as a result of rural-urban migration and a lack of infrastructure in cities. As a result, the urban population increases. Overpopulation is indicated by a higher rate of urbanization.
Low Savings and Investing
In Pakistan, the savings and investment rates of GDP are only 9.5 percent and 13.4 percent, respectively. Because of the low rate of savings, the rate of investment and employment is also very low. As a result, these figures suggest that Pakistan is overcrowded.
People in Pakistan have a poor diet, which has an impact on their health and ability to work. It lowers per capita income, indicating a population explosion.
Large Family Concept
Large families are thought to be a source of power for influencing and controlling those around them. People are proud of their large families.
Vicious Poverty Circle
A rapid increase in the population reduces per capita income, savings, investment, and productivity. As a result, a country is trapped in a vicious cycle of poverty. Poverty’s vicious circle is also a symbol of overpopulation.
Wedlock is entered into by all men and women of marriageable age. As a result, Pakistan’s birth rate is higher.
Lack of Alternative Activities
In Pakistan, recreational facilities and employment opportunities are scarce. In Pakistan, passing the time and any other pleasures are prohibitively expensive. As a result, men have more time with their wives.
In developing countries like Pakistan, a high population growth rate has negative consequences for economic development. In Pakistan, a high rate of population growth means poverty, illiteracy, a low standard of living, a lack of prosperity, and a vicious cycle of poverty. Consult Gynecologist for any information on reproductivity.
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What are the primary causes of overpopulation?
- Falling Mortality Rate.
- Underutilized Contraception.
- Female Education Deficit.
- Degradation of the environment.
- An increase in the number of conflicts.
- Disasters and pandemics are more likely.
What are the consequences of Pakistan’s overpopulation?
In developing countries like Pakistan, a high population growth rate has negative consequences for economic development. In Pakistan, a high rate of population growth means poverty, illiteracy, a low standard of living, a lack of prosperity, and a vicious cycle of poverty.
What are the four factors that contribute to poverty?
Unequal wealth distribution, disease, colonization and past inequalities, as well as bad governance and corruption* are four factors that contribute to poor living conditions.