Different Types of Brain Surgery You Need to Know

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What is the most important organ of your body? The heart, right? No, your brain is arguably the most important organ of your body. The brain is responsible for controlling and coordinating actions and reactions. It allows you to think and feel and have an opinion. You can understand the importance of the brain by knowing that every single organ owes its proper functioning to the proper functioning of the brain. As important as the brain is, unfortunately, it can get diseased. To cure any brain disease, we have various treatment options including different types of brain surgery.

Brain diseases range from as simple as forgetfulness to as fatal as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). These diseases can result from a physical defect in the brain or just a behavioral issue. Even simple behavioral issues can hint at something serious going on in your brain. Some common brain diseases include migraine, dementia, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, brain tumors, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis. Not all brain diseases require brain surgery but every single one of them demands serious attention and a proper treatment plan. In worst cases, your treatment plan might include different types of brain surgery.

Learn more about your brain and everything related to it. 

Brain Surgery

We can classify any medical procedure that involves the physical repairing of the brain structure as brain surgery. The type of brain surgery depends on the condition you have, its severity, and the affected area of your brain. Brain surgery is a very complicated process. The progress in technology and healthcare techniques has enabled surgeons to carry out brain surgery without a single incision in your head. But mind you that these processes are not feasible in all cases.

Different Types of Brain Surgery


In this surgical procedure, a piece of the skull is removed, followed by the removal of a brain tumor. They remove the skull to access the actual tumor. Mind you, that this process is not used to remove tumors only, but blood clots, abnormal tissues, and random blood too. They often carry this procedure to relieve pressure after a severe injury or stroke, to repair an aneurysm in the brain, or to repair a brain fracture. After the successful removal of the unwanted substance from the brain, they place the piece of skull back.


The removal of brain tissue or tumor marks this procedure. The removed part is then examined under the microscope. The difference between biopsy and craniotomy is that the former is more of a diagnostic procedure and the latter is proper treatment.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

This procedure involves the implantation of a medical device into the brain. Your doctor might insert a battery-operated medical device into your brain. This device will generate pulses and deliver electrical stimulation to certain areas of the brain. They use it for diseases marked by the ineffective generation of pulses such as Parkinson’s disease.

Endonasal Endoscopic Surgery

Your surgeon will remove tumors or lesions through your nose or sinuses. This procedure allows this type of surgery to be minimally invasive, hence known as Minimally Invasive Endonasal endoscopic surgery. This allows your surgeon to gain access to a part of your brain without making any incisions or punctures. Your surgeon will use an endoscope; a telescopic device with a light and a camera. The light and the camera enable the surgeon to see the space where they are working. This procedure can remove tumors from various parts of your head and brain like the skull, pituitary gland, and bottom of your brain.


This procedure is quite similar to endonasal endoscopy. The only difference is that they insert the endoscope through a small hole in the skull, in this procedure.

Posterior Fossa Decompression

The surgeons carry this procedure out to relieve pressure on the spinal cord. This treatment involves the cerebellum and brainstem. Your surgeon will make an incision at the back of your head and remove a small portion of the bone from the bottom of the skull. This is used to treat disorders like Chiari malformation.

Thrombectomy (Cerebral Aneurysm Repair)

Your surgeon will a catheter or a thin metal wire in a large blood vessel in your groin to reach a specific brain vessel. He will use a contrast dye to identify the problematic blood vessel without opening the skull. This is most often used to treat patients with a blood clot in a brain artery, a ruptured aneurysm that leads to bleeding in the brain, and a cerebral aneurysm which is marked by a weakened and bulging area in an artery wall.

Different diseases determine the different types of brain surgery, to be carried out. Mind you, that surgery is often the last resort when medication and other treatments fail. To get a proper diagnosis and treatment, you first need to consult with the best neurosurgeon in Lahore. If they refer you to one you should consult the best neurosurgeon in Pakistan.


1. What are different types of brain surgery?

I have mentioned all the different types of brain surgery above.

2. Neurosurgeon vs neurologist: What is the difference?

A neurosurgeon can is capable of carrying out surgeries while a neurologist treats with non-surgical procedures.

3. What are some types of brain surgery for tumors?

The most common type of brain surgery used to remove tumors is Craniotomy.

Book an appointment now, to answer all your queries. You can book an appointment with the top neurologists in Pakistan through Marham by calling at Marham helpline: 0311-1222398 or by online appointment booking facility through the website or Marham mobile app.

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Hiba Batool
She is a nutrition graduate from Kinnaird College, Lahore. She is a nutritionist by profession. Her interests lie in medical research and writing. She masters in all topics related to nutrition and health.