Uterine fibroids affect as much as 30% of women below the age of 35 and 20-80% of women by the age of 50 years. These fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow from muscles of the womb. These most commonly surface during the childbearing years. You may also know these by names like Leiomyomas or simply myomas. Luckily these tumors are not linked to elevated chances of uterine cancer. these almost never turn in to cancer. To help you fight or stay safe from cancer book an appointment with the best oncologist in Karachi using marham.pk.
What Causes Fibroids?
To date, no exact cause of fibroids is detected. However, research studies point the following factors to be the cause of fibroids.
Fibroids transcend in families. If you have a close relative affected by fibroids, you are at increased risk of developing these.
Estrogen and Progesterone:
Fibroids are affected by estrogen and progesterone concentrations in the body. Fibroids have a high amount of estrogen and progesterone receptors compared to normal uterine cells. When there is a high level of these hormones in body fibroids tend to grow rapidly.
Some other factors associated to cause of fibroids include:
- Being overweight.
- Excessive consumption of red meat.
- Increased intake of alcohol and caffeine.
Treatment of Fibroids:
Treatment of fibroids is necessary only when there are bothersome symptoms experienced by a person. If there are no symptoms and quality of life is not affected treatment can be delayed. For cases when treatment has to be started, it has two options. Medication and surgery.
Locations and size of fibroids, future plans of family affect the choice of treatment.
- Medicines used for the treatment of fibroids include:
- Hormonal agents
- Birth control pill
Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System
All of these are associated with some side effects. Your doctor can decide the best suitable drug for you. You can find and consult a gynecologist in Lahore or other cities of Pakistan via marham.pk.
Surgical options are considered when fibroids don’t respond to conventional treatment. Surgical options that can be employed include:
- Endometrial ablation
- MRI guided percutaneous laser ablation
- MRI guided focused ultrasound surgery
- Uterine fibroid embolization(UFE)
There are certain natural remedies also present for the treatment of this disease. We would be sharing those with you in a separate article. Stay tuned to Marham blog.