Table of Content
Are you the one who is facing skin discoloration? Are you tired of hiding your face pigmentation with expensive concealer and color correctors? Do you want to know why your skin is turning dark as patches? Then you should give your 2 minutes to read this article and know how to remove pigmentation?
The skin has cells ‘melanocytes’ that are melanin-producing cells. Melanin is a pigment that gives a dark color to your skin. According to the research, melanin protects the skin from UV light and helps in blocking different processes that lead to skin cancer. Usually, melanin is produced because of more exposure to sunlight, as sunlight has UV radiations that act as a regulator for melanogenesis (melanin production). Apart from this, melanin is also produced at the site of injury by the melanocytes to heal the wound. These are all beneficial and physiological aspects of melanin.
But if the melanin starts accumulating on your skin in the form of patches or dots, it causes pigmentation on your skin, especially on the face. This is not so welcoming situation as it does not appear aesthetically good for most people.
If the pigmentation is in the form of patches, this condition is known as Melasma. And if the pigmentation is as dots or of few centimeters, it appears like freckles. The treatment for both skin conditions is different.
Causes of Pigmentation of skin:
Many causes are behind this skin pigmentation. Some of them are;
If you are taking birth control pills, it disturbs your hormones. These changes in hormones can be the cause of melasma.
Similarly, hormonal changes during pregnancy also cause melasma.
People with thyroid disorders also develop melasma.
Exposure to sunlight:
Sunlight has ultraviolet radiation that are triggers melanogenesis. So more exposure to sunlight without applying any sunblock causes hyperpigmentation in your skin.
Freckles and melasma are also controlled by hereditary traits. So if you have a family history of these skin conditions, you are more prone to them.
How to Remove Pigmentation?
The treatment of pigmentation especially melasma is a very slow process. And as it needs a lot of patience and compliance by the patient, its treatment is not as easy as it seems.
But some advanced technologies and treatments are there, that help in getting rid of pigmentation within months. Here are some treatment options that can give you an answer for how to remove pigmentation!
Sunblock is a must-have product in your skincare regime. You should have it in your car or purse every time you go outside during the day. If you apply sunblock once in the morning, apply it after every 3 hours. It protects your skin from UV radiation. And reduce melanin production.
Different medicines can also treat the hyperpigmentation on your face. These medicines are usually topical. And their use should be consistent according to the doctor’s advice.
Chemical peels are also used to treat melasma.
If the patient needs more fast treatment and when the problem is not solving by medications and peels, specialists suggest laser for hyperpigmentation like melasma. The laser is FDA approved treatment for freckles. And it gives the best results in this case. For melasma, mesotherapy combined with laser gives the best results.
It is an advanced technique to treat melasma. It is the direct injecting of pigment breaking agent into the pigmented site. The pigment breaking agent breaks the pigment, and then the pigment is absorbed by the body. This treatment requires trained professionals. They do the procedure according to the depth and location of the pigment. For melasma, the combination of mesotherapy and laser is a better option to give more good results.
You can consult the top dermatologists of Pakistan for ruling out your skin problem and discuss the best treatment option for you.