Pakistan is a year-round, national risk area for dengue disease. 22,938 cases of dengue fever were reported in Pakistan in 2017, in 2018 it were more than 3,200 cases , while 24,547 cases were seen in 2019, and then 3,442 cases in 2020, according to the National Institute of Health (NIH) Islamabad.
With 0.4 per cent Case Fatality Ratio (CFR) , a total of 48,906 cases which includes183 deaths were reported in the country from 1 January to 25 November 2021.
Cases increased in 2021, especially in Lahore and the twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad). According to the District Health Officer, the COVID-19 pandemic put tremendous strain on public and private hospitals in Islamabad during the second half of 2021 due to a steady increase in dengue fever patients.
The Punjab Government successfully addressed the virus outbreak in Lahore, the MoH asked PRCS’s assistance on October 12, 2021, in a meeting with the Secretary General (SG) of PRCS, in order to control the disease outbreak in Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
In October and November 2021, dengue fever cases in Islamabad steadily increased. During the anti-dengue surveillance in the city of Islamabad, 53 distinct locations had dengue larvae.
Tarlai Kalan had the most cases reported, followed by Koral, Alipur, and Tarnol.
Even though occasional cases of the sickness were still being reported in the district by mid-December 2021, the dengue fever outbreak in Rawalpindi and Islamabad gradually came to an end.
Dengue cases were still being reported in government hospitals despite the start of winter.
Data from the Health Department indicate that 2,643 dengue cases have been reported in Sindh so far in 2022. It demonstrates that 2,280 cases were registered just in Karachi.
Meanwhile, there were nine dengue cases reported in Hyderabad, two in Badin, seven in Umerkot, four in Mirpur Khas, and two each in Tharparkar and Larkana.
Dr. Javed Akram, a certified dengue doctor on MARHAM has cautioned that if precautions like insecticide spraying are not performed, the dengue virus might develop into an epidemic.
The district health officer (DHO) said, “On the other hand, Islamabad reports 15-20 dengue cases in every past 24 hours.”
In the federal capital, incidences of the disease spread by mosquitoes have increased during monsoon season. 22 dengue cases have been registered in the federal capital, of which 17 were in rural and 5 in urban areas, according to figures provided by the DHO Islamabad.
According to the DHO in Islamabad, 163 instances have been documented thus far in rural areas and 51 cases in urban areas, with one patient passing away as a result.
Out of the 300 new cases, 300 cases were reported from Lahore, where dengue fever is alarmingly prevalent.
According to the health department, the Punjab government has designated a number of institutions for the care of dengue patients. Any vector control approach must include health education because it gives the public correct information and scientific understanding about transmitted diseases and associated vectors.
People can better comprehend the virus by having an understanding of the life cycle, ecology, and biology of the vector, which leads to healthy habits.