Knee and shoulder injuries are very common during accidents, physical traumas and falls, sports-related activities and physical tasks at home, etc. These injuries can be either acute or chronic depending upon the situation and type of injury.
Shoulder injuries occur due to lifting something very heavy or throwing a ball or pushing a heavy object. As the shoulder joints are very flexible and usually, most of our physical tasks rely on its joints, ligaments, and muscles.
Here are some most common shoulder injuries:
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
This injury is caused by the muscles of the rotator cuff which become impinged as they pass through the shoulder joint. Common names for this injury are thrower’s shoulder or swimmer’s shoulder.
This is the restricted movement of the shoulder joint and causes stiffness and pain. Its causes can be long-term diseases like stroke or diabetes, injuries, overuse of muscles, or limited use of muscle. The muscles around the shoulder become stiff and their movement becomes restricted. It can be treated with can killers and exercise.
AC (acromioclavicular) Joint Separation
AC separation or AC sprain is an injury of the ligament that holds the acromioclavicular joint together at the top of the shoulder. It is basically the separation of the collar bone and shoulder blade. It is usually caused by falls or direct injury to this joint.
It is a traumatic and painful injury that usually occurs during sports or from a fall. In this injury, the upper arm bone pops out of the cup-shaped socket of the shoulder blade.
Glenoid Labrum Tear
The glenoid labrum is a fibrous ring of tissue that attaches to the rim of the glenoid shallow socket of the shoulder blade where the ball of the humerus or upper arm bone sits. The injury to this fibrous ring causes this problem, and it is very painful.
Rotator Cuff Tear
A rotator cuff strain is a tear to any of the four muscles of the shoulder. These are the muscles that help in rotating the arm around the shoulder and provide a cuff to the joint. This injury can be mild or severe. It occurs in sports like throwing and racket sports.
Deltoid Muscle Strain
It is due to the injury of the deltoid muscle. It causes pain at the front, side, and back of the shoulder.
Similarly, knee injuries are also very common in chronic patients, physically active people, and athletes. Some of these injuries are listed below:
This is the most common type of knee injury, usually due to a direct fall onto it or a road accident. The knee cap (patella) or the ends of the femur or tibia can be fractured.
It occurs when the bones of the knee are out of place, either completely or partially. The knee cap can slip out of its place or the leg bones (tibia and femur) forced out of their alignment.
ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injury
This is caused by the tear in the anterior cruciate ligament along with the damage to other structures in the knee. It is common among athletes.
PCL (Posterior Cruciate Ligament) Injury
It occurs due to posterior cruciate ligament tear usually due to road accidents. It often injured from a blow to the front of the knee while the knee is bent. Moreover, It tends to be partial tears with the potential to heal on their own.
The tendons of the muscles in the knee joint can be torn or stretched. Anyone can get this injury but usually, sports persons can get it. It is due to the wrong positioning of the leg or knee.
It is the injury of the meniscus of the knee which provides cushioning to the knee joint and its structures. It causes swelling and severe pain in the knee. The sudden twisting, cutting, and pivoting during sports cause this injury. It also occurs in elderly people with wrong twisting of the knee.
The patella can dislocate laterally i.e. towards the outside of the knee. It is common in women. But it can be easily returned to the normal place by straightening out the knee, usually resulting in a kneecap popping into its place.
These are some common knee and shoulder injuries that can be treated when properly diagnosed. Otherwise, they can become chronic and severe.
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