Novel Treatment Options For 3 Serious Prostate Diseases

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The prostate gland is a solid, chest-nut shaped organ present underneath the bladder. It has two zones.

    • An inner-zone which produces secretions to keep urethra moist
    • An outer-zone which produces seminal secretions

At birth, the prostate gland is only a few grams heavy but it continues to grow in size even after the age of 50.
In this article, I will discuss some of the un-treatable prostate diseases that are best managed at Hameedah Memorial Hospital, Lahore. They have expertise in certain therapies which resolve some of the pressing issues of the prostate.

Prostate Diseases:

Three of the most commonly experienced prostate diseases are discussed here:

    • Benign prostate hypertrophy
    • Prostate cancer
    • Prostatitis

Benign Prostate Hypertrophy:

It is an increase in the size of the prostate which is common among men over 50 years of age. Cause of benign prostate hypertrophy is unknown.

 Prostate Diseases

Symptoms:

It may inflict the following symptoms:

    • Urinary incontinence
    • Out-flow obstruction
    • Dribbling
    • Urinary retention
    • Frequent urination
    • UTI
    • Kidney failure as a result of urinary retention-to finds and consult with the best kidney specialists in Lahore, Karachi or any other main city of Pakistan via marham.pk.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Benign prostate hypertrophy is detected by a rectal exam. Investigations include:

    • Ultrasound
    • Recording strength of urine flow
    • Blood test
    • Test to rule out the possibility of prostate cancer as a cause of prostate enlargement- To find the best oncologist in Karachi, Lahore or other main cities of Pakistan visit marham.pk.

Mild cases of prostate enlargement do not require any specific treatment however, men with a severely enlarged prostate and those with severe abdominal pain due to urinary retention require urgent medical attention.
Removal of prostate gland-prostatectomy is one of the common surgical procedures for the treatment besides the use of drugs.

prostatitis

Prostate Cancer:

It is a cancerous growth occurring in the prostate gland. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are at higher risk. No specific cause is known to date. Male sex hormone is found to promote the growth of this tumor. This condition mostly affects elderly men.

Symptoms:

It may show the following symptoms:

    • Frequent urination
    • Poor urine outflow
    • Urinary obstruction
    • Sometimes there are no urinary symptoms and the first symptom appears only when cancer has spread to other body parts.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Following procedures are done for diagnosis of prostate cancer:

    • Rectal exam
    • Blood test to check the level of PSA( prostate-specific antigen)
    • Transrectal ultrasound
    • Biopsy
    • Radionuclide scanning may also be done

Treatment Options Include:

    • Prostatectomy
    • Radiotherapy
    • Drugs
    • Orchidectomy

Prostatitis:

It is the inflammation of prostate gland which occurs in men between 30-50 years of age. Its cause is often bacteria which spread from an infection in the urethra.

Symptoms:

Symptoms of prostatitis include:

    • Pain in lower back
    • Fever
    • Flu-like symptoms
    • Pain around rectum

Diagnosis and Treatment:

It is diagnosed by:

    • Test on urine samples
    • Rectal exam

It is treated by the use of antibiotics but the recurrence rate is high.

Few Most Popular Oncologists:

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Tayyaba Waris
She is a student of Ph.D. molecular biology at Comsats University, Islamabad. She is working on the causes and treatment of male infertility. She has also worked on liver disease and its herbal treatments and has recently got her paper published in the National journal of Natural Pharmaceuticals. At Marham, she writes about hot medical issues and general health problems.