An explanation of the catastrophe Pakistan is a year-round, national risk area for dengue disease. According to the district health officer, from October 8th, 2021, dengue fever cases have been steadily increasing in Islamabad, placing burden on both public and private institutions.
In a meeting with the PRCS Secretary General on October 12, the Ministry of Health (MOH) asked the support of PRCS for a response to control and prevent the disease in Rawalpindi and Islamabad while the government is responding in Lahore.
After Punjab, Islamabad is singled out by health authorities because it has seen a steady increase in dengue fever cases over the past few weeks. As a result, there is increased pressure on both public and private hospitals due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
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During the anti-dengue surveillance in the city of Islamabad, 53 distinct locations had dengue larvae. With 55 cases, Tarlai Kalan has the most recorded cases, followed by 17 for Koral and nine each for Alipur and Tarnol.
At least 113 people had the fever as of October 12; five additional people died from it, and more than 200 patients were receiving treatment at various hospitals.
In addition, the capital reported 115 instances of dengue fever on October 13, making it the third day in a row that there were more than 100 cases. This brings the total number of cases in the capital to 1,458.
For the capital, this tendency is concerning, and quick action is needed. The district health officer reports that 470 cases in Islamabad’s urban regions have been confirmed, while 948 cases have been recorded from rural areas.
The district health workers are aggressively working to stop the spread by spraying and fumigating the mosquito breeding grounds.
Due to the disturbingly increasing number of dengue fever cases, the government of Islamabad has started an anti-dengue campaign.
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Given how fragile the situation is, immediate action is needed to stop the spread. Due to the lack of an effective dengue fever therapy, the situation may be becoming worse.
Clinicians focus on fluid and electrolyte balance, immune system stimulation, and vitamin C supplementation to treat the symptoms of dengue fever patients and prevent the virus from progressing to a hemorrhagic stage.
In Pakistan, there is no commercial supply of dengue vaccinations. In certain circumstances, patients with dengue illness don’t show any symptoms.
Those who experience symptoms become unwell 4 to 7 days following the bite. Flu-like symptoms, such as a sudden, high fever that comes in waves, pain behind the eyes, pain in the muscles, joints, and bones, a terrible headache, and a rash with red spots, characterise the infection.
In Pakistan, it’s often accepted that individuals don’t seek medical attention unless an issue becomes serious.
People in the case of dengue rely on home cures rather than visiting a doctor because the symptoms are similar to those of malaria. This kind of thinking makes the situation worse.
Any vector control programme that prioritises health education must do so in order to effectively inform the public about transmitted diseases and the vectors that spread them.
To help people live in healthy conditions and to eliminate vector breeding grounds, information about the life cycle of vectors, their ecology, and biology should be disseminated.