We’ve probably all had hyperpigmentation at a certain point in our lives. Skin patches that appear darker than our usual tone are called hyperpigmentation. Despite the fact that they are harmless and very common, many of us dislike the way they look, and search for best skin care routine for hyperpigmentation.
There are several ways you can lighten and brighten these dark spots, from at-home skincare products to in-clinic procedures. Marham is offering 30% off on skin hyperpigmentation treatment, so what are you waiting for? And if you’ve noticed more discoloration or dark spots on your skin-or are finally ready to fix them-keep reading to learn how.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation occurs when your skin produces excessive melanin, the natural pigment that gives your skin, eyes, and hair color. What causes this excess melanin, though? There are three main reasons for this:
- Sun exposure
Skin Care Routine for Hyperpigmentation
Following is the simplest skin care routine to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
Sunscreen not only prevents new hyperpigmentation from forming, but it also prevents existing dark spots from becoming darker. Make sure to wear the broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 to 50 every day, even when the weather is overcast. Wear a hat and also long sleeves if possible to protect yourself from the sun, particularly during the middle of the day. You can also read common mistakes women do in skin care.
2. LIGHTENING CREAMS AND SERUMS
All types of hyperpigmentation, including melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, have been shown to be reduced by lightening creams. Ingredients like licorice root, vitamin C extract, and hydroquinone should be avoided. These ingredients fight hyperpigmentation by inhibiting the enzymes that produce melanin in the skin and limiting the dark pigment visible on the surface. The American Academy of Dermatology suggests to be careful while buying OTC skin lighteners because they can have traces of mercury.
Exfoliators, like lightening creams, are available in a variety of formulations that have been shown to reduce melasma, sun spots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. A gentle exfoliator can be used daily, or you can use a stronger exfoliator once or twice a week so as not to irritate your skin.
4. CHEMICAL PEELS
Chemical peels have been shown to lighten melasma, dark spots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by sun exposure. You can avail 15% off on Chemical peel through Marham. They’re usually more powerful than other options, making them ideal for those with deeper and darker hyperpigmentation but not for those who spend a lot of time in the sun.
There might be redness, irritation, and blistering on the skin from the more aggressive ingredients, especially if you have sensitive skin or are not used to it. Chemical peels can also make your skin more sensitive to the sun, which can result in hyperpigmentation. As a result, it is critical to protect your skin from excessive sun exposure and wear sunscreen.
Hyperpigmentation Skin Care Products For Different Skin Types
Fitzpatrick skin types classify people by how much melanin they possess and thus how their skin reacts to sun exposure. A person can have six different types of skin, all ranging from fair to dark, with the fair skin burning the most and the darker skin tanning the most.
FITZPATRICK SKIN TYPES 1 AND 2
Fitzpatrick skin types 1 and 2 are characterized by fair skin, blue or green eyes, and blond hair. If this describes you, you probably burn and freckle quickly and rarely tan, so you are more prone to sunspots. These skin types respond well enough to most hyperpigmentation treatments. As you know, the skin could be sensitive, so always patch tests to check for possible reactions.
FITZPATRICK SKIN TYPES 3 AND 4
Your Fitzpatrick skin type is likely to be 3 or 4 if you have a medium complexion, brown hair, and brown eyes. You tan quite easily in the daylight and are less likely to burn. These skin types respond well to the stronger products such as chemical peels and some lightening creams.
FITZPATRICK SKIN TYPES 5 AND 6
Skin types 5 and 6 have the darker skin tones, brown eyes, and hair. Burning and tanning are challenging to come by, if at all. This means you have a lower chance of developing sunspots but a higher chance of developing melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. People with this skin tone should use mild exfoliants and gentle lightening creams to lighten the dark spots. Harsher products could cause reactions, resulting in further discoloration. Look for products made especially for people with darker skin, and let not the fake products cheat you. You can read 6 hacks to spot fake skin care products.
Preventive Measures for Hyperpigmentation
The best treatment, as with anything, is prevention. You can do some simple things to minimize your chances of developing hyperpigmentation in the long term if you realize you’re prone to it. These are some of them:
- Wear sunscreen daily
- Avoid hormonal contraceptives where possible
- Do not touch cuts, wounds, or acne spots
If you want to treat hyperpigmentation but aren’t sure which product to use, speak with Skin Specialists via Marham and find the best course of action for you.
1. What should we eat to remove pigmentation?
Consuming a diet rich in fresh vegetables and fruits, especially those high in flavonoids and vitamin C, can help reduce hyperpigmentation.
2. Do skincare products expire?
Yes, they do.
3. Does sun exposure a cause of hyperpigmentation?
Yes, it is, as mentioned above.
Book an appointment now, to answer all your queries. You can book an appointment with the top dermatologists in Pakistan through Marham by calling at Marham helpline: 0311-1222398 or by online booking facility through the website or Marham mobile app.
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