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The term “cardiac” means related to the heart. A cardiologist (ماہرامراض قلب) also called a heart specialist is a medical doctor who diagnoses, treats, and manages the diseases associated with the cardiovascular system. They deal with conditions related to the heart and blood vessels such as heart failure, irregular heart rhythms, congenital heart defects, and coronary artery disease.
A cardiologist falls within the broader term of a cardiovascular specialist. There are many types of cardiologists who have been working in different areas of Pakistan. The highly experienced and top cardiologists in Mansehra deal with patients who are at high risk for cardiovascular diseases or have been diagnosed with heart disease.
Based on the sub-specialties, cardiologists are classified into the following types;
Non-Invasive Cardiologists: They are specialized in diagnosing and treating the heart and vascular issues with non-invasive tests like ECG, stress test, thallium scan, etc
Invasive Cardiologists: They are trained in performing minimally invasive procedures like cardiac catheterization for the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases
Interventional Cardiologists: They are specialized in performing procedures to open blocked arteries like stent placement and angioplasty
Cardiothoracic Surgeons: These surgeons are involved in performing open heart surgeries and other procedures concerning the organs like the heart, lungs, and the region of the thorax. A few examples are coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), the surgery to fix heart valves and thoracic aortic aneurysms, etc
Vascular Surgeons: These specialists are trained in treating cardiac and vascular issues other than the region of the chest. They resolve issues involving veins, arteries, or the lymphatic system
Electrophysiologists: Heart doctors are specialized in treating heart issues due to disturbances in the electrical activity of the heart like fibrillation, abnormal rhythm, and palpitations.
The basic qualification for a cardiologist in Pakistan is;
5-year MBBS degree followed by a house job
4-year residency program in cardiology
Some of the most common cardiac diseases that heart specialists diagnose, manage, and treat include:
Unstable angina - A chest discomfort or pain caused by an insufficient flow of blood and oxygen to the heart.
Heart failure - a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body.
Heart attack - Also known as myocardial infarction resulting from blood supply obstruction due to cholesterol deposition in the arteries of the heart.
Ischemia - The ability of the heart muscles to pump blood is reduced. Pain, breathlessness, and shivering are some of the common symptoms of ischemic heart disease.
Angina pectoris - A chest pain or pressure, often caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscles of the heart.
Arrhythmia - Any problem in the rate or rhythm of a person's heartbeat.
Stroke - A medical condition in which blood flow to the brain is blocked resulting in brain damage due to cell death in presence of a lack of oxygen.
Congenital heart disease - These are the cardiovascular problems that are present since birth.
Valvular diseases - These are the diseases associated with abnormalities in the valves of the heart due to which they do not work properly.
The most common diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed by cardiologists include;
Coronary angioplasty: It is a procedure that is used to widen the narrowed or blocked arteries in your heart. It is a minimally invasive procedure performed by a cardiologist.
Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the heart, much like an ultrasound procedure.
Stent placement: A catheter with a balloon is guided to the site of blockage to restore the blood flow in the artery which was blocked due to fat deposition.
Pacemaker placement: It is the placement of a small electronic device in the chest. It is placed to prevent the heart rate from dropping to dangerously low levels in the case when your heart's not beating adequately.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance: A comprehensive morphologic and functional evaluation of the heart.
CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting): During this procedure, a blood vessel from any part of the body is attached to the coronary artery to surpass the blocked region of that vessel. The blood vessel is usually taken from the leg, arm, or chest.
Cardiac catheterization: A procedure in which a catheter is moved through a blood vessel to the heart in order to diagnose heart conditions effectively.
Heart valve surgery: This surgery involves replacing or repairing a valve in the heart that is not working adequately due to valvular heart disease.
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA): This procedure is done to open blocked coronary arteries and restore blood flow. The structure is initially kept open by inflating a small balloon to widen the passage, and then a stent is inserted to keep the blood vessels open. These stents are usually coated with certain drugs that prevent the blood vessels from re-narrowing.
Cardiac Stress Test: A cardiological test that measures the heart's ability to respond to external stress under a controlled clinical environment.
You should consult a cardiologist in Mansehra if you experience any of the below-mentioned symptoms;
Shortness of breath
Pain that extends to the arm
Abnormal heart rhythm
Fluttering sensation in the chest
Continuous chest pains
Racing or fast-beating heart
You should thoroughly analyze before choosing the best cardiologist in Mansehra based on the following criteria:
Qualification: The cardiologist must have the relevant qualification and experience
Services: The cardiologist must offer the relevant services
Patient Reviews: The selected cardiologist must have positive feedback from the patients
Marham - Find A Doctor brings a diverse range of the top verified male and female cardiologists in Mansehra, where you can book an online video consultation or in-person appointment with great ease. There are 0 best cardiac specialists in Mansehra with immense experience, qualifications, and services that are listed on Marham.
Find the most qualified and the best heart specialists in Mansehra and book an appointment online or by calling 03111222398.