Cardiothoracic surgeons specialize to carry out surgical procedures on organs inside the chest cavity. This specialty has further subdivisions and their specialists are termed as cardiac surgeons, cardiovascular surgeon, general thoracic surgeons and congenital heart surgeons. They treat diseases that include coronary artery disease, aortic valve disease, mitral valve disease, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects and tetralogy of Fallot.
A cardiovascular surgeon is involved in the treatment of diseases like CAD, leaking, and blockage of heart valves, atrial fibrillation. A general thoracic surgeon treats lung cancer, emphysema, GERD, and swallowing disorders where as a congenital heart surgeon mainly deals with atrial and ventricular septal defects, congenital abnormalities, and right heart syndrome. To find the best cardiac surgeons in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad or other main cities of Pakistan visit marham.pk