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Brain Haemorrhage - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

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Summary about Brain Haemorrhage

An intracranial hemorrhage or a brain bleed is referred to as a brain hemorrhage. In this condition, an artery bursts in the brain, which causes localized bleeding in the surrounding tissues, resulting in a type of stroke. Headache, nausea, vomiting, tingling, numbness, weakness, or paralysis of arms, legs, and face are some of the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage.

It's a medical emergency, and immediate treatment is needed. Recovering from brain hemorrhage can take months and there are 20% chances of having a stroke again. While, the chances of death in the 30 days after having brain hemorrhage are 44%. 

Brain Hemorrhage Facts and Figures

The number of brain hemorrhage cases in Pakistan has reached a high level, as reported by research published in the International Journal of Stroke. The main reason for this is that people of Pakistan commonly suffer from diseases that can lead to brain hemorrhages like hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases, high cholesterol or triglycerides, and smoking. Some facts about brain hemorrhages have been given below.

Prevalence in PakistanHigh
Commonly AffectsAdults 
At-Risk GenderMales
Age for Early symptomsAny age group
Average Age for DiagnosisAfter 40 years
Problems related to Brain HemorrhageHypertension, severe disability, vision loss, cognitive dysfunction
Specialists Who Treat Brain HemorrhageNeurosurgeons

Symptoms of Brain Haemorrhage

Symptoms might include sudden tingling, numbness, weakness, or paralysis of the arm, face, or leg. This probably occurs on one side of the body. Other symptoms include:

  • sudden and severe headache
  • confusion or difficulty understanding things
  • problems with vision
  • difficulty swallowing
  • loss of coordination or balance
  • stupor, lethargy, or an unconsciousness
  • difficulty in talking or slurred speech
  • seizures

Causes of Brain Haemorrhage

Several factors can cause a brain hemorrhage which includes:

  • head trauma or injury
  • extremely high blood pressure
  • cerebral aneurysm, or weakened bulge in the brain artery
  • blood or bleeding disorders
  • blood vessel anomalies
  • brain tumor
  • liver disease
  • consumption of illicit drugs

Preventive Measures of Brain Haemorrhage

Preventive measures for a brain hemorrhage are as under:

  • Wear seatbelts or helmets while traveling.
  • If you have high blood pressure, get regular checkups and take steps to lower your blood pressure.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • If you have diabetes, make sure to keep your blood sugar levels under control.
  • Consume foods that improve your heart and brain health.
  • Do physical activity.

Brain hemorrhage Treatment:

  • Surgery may be necessary
  • Other treatments include anti-epileptic drugs, anti-anxiety drugs, and other medications

Rehabilitation could help you adjust to life after a brain hemorrhage. It includes:

  • physical therapy
  • occupational therapy
  • speech therapy
  • lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of another hemorrhage

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