There are many misconceptions about diabetes. For example “eating too much sugar cause diabetes”. Let's find out what is diabetes, symptoms, and causes of diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that is normally associated with a high level of sugar in the blood. Normally the pancreas in the body produces insulin to control the blood sugar levels. But in diabetes pancreas produce very little or unable to produce insulin. As a result, the level of sugar in the blood increase. The causes of both types are different. In type 1 diabetes immune system in the body mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the body and destroys them. In type 2 pancreas produces insulin but the body is unable to use it properly. The researchers were unable to find the reasons why the body becomes unable to use insulin. An unhealthy lifestyle, excess weight, and a sedentary lifestyle can cause sugar level to exceed normal blood sugar level.
The normal sugar level after fasting is up to 100mg/dl. Fasting sugar level should be checked after at least 8 hours of having no food whereas 2 hours after eating it should be 70-140mg/dl.
Diabetics need to have certain parameters checked regularly for avoiding complications and checking their health status. HbA1c is one of the important indicators for the healthcare of people with diabetes. It shows an average fo your blood sugar levels over the period of the last two to three months. HbA1C test should be repeated after every two-three months in diabetics.
Developing hyperglycemia or type 2 diabetes mellitus in pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. It poses a huge risk for expectant mothers and the child as well. The incidence of gestational diabetes increases with age and becomes a maximum after the age of 45. As much as 5-% of women affected with gestational diabetes tend to develop type 2 diabetes 5-10 years after delivery.
Women affected with GDM are prone to several complications as well which include excessively high body weight babies, hypertension and obstructed labor. Most cases of GDM are seen in underdeveloped countries due to a lack of awareness and limited maternal care. Anyone suffering from GDM should stay in touch with their gynecologist and healthcare team to avoid adverse effects on health.