Temporomandibular Joint Disorders - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders in Urdu

ٹی ایم ڈی اس وقت لاحق ہوتا ہے جب کہ جبزے اس کے جوڑ اور اردگرد کے چہرے کے عضلات میں مسائل ہوں ٹیمپرو مینڈیبلر جوڑ وہ جوڑ ہوتا ہے جو نچلے جبڑے کو کھوپڑی سے جوڑتا ہے۔ اس حالت میں جبڑے کے عضلات ،  ٹیمپرو مینڈیبلر جوڑوں اور اس سے جڑے اعصاب میں تے قاعدگی ہو جاتی ہے جس کی وجہ سے چہرے کے مختلف حصوں میں شدید ترین درد ہوتا ہے-

اس بیماری کی علامات کچھ اس طرح سے ہوتی ہیں
جبڑے میں سختی اور درد
چہرے میں درد
جبڑے کا لاک ہو جانا اور اس کے کھلنے اور بند ہونے میں دشواری
کسی بھی چیز کو چبانے میں تکلیف
ایک یا دونوں  ٹیمپرو مینڈیبلر  میں درد

اس بیماری کے علاج کے لیۓ ڈاکٹر یہ اقدامات کرتے ہیں
درد کش ادویات کا استعمال
کسی سہارے کے ذریعے ہڈیوں کو جوڑنا
فزیکل تھراپی
سرجری ۔
ٹی ای این جس کو ٹرانس کیوٹینیس الیکٹریکل نروز اسٹیومیلیشن بھی کہتے ہیں  

Doctors For Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Profile Photo of Dentist in Lahore - Dr. Asifa Iqbal

Dr. Asifa Iqbal

Dentist, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

BDS, M.Phil (Oral Pathology & Microbiology), FCPS (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery)

Experience

15 Yrs

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Iqbal Clinics, Johar Town, Lahore

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Profile Photo of Dentist in Quetta - Dr. Mohammad Ibrahim

Dr. Mohammad Ibrahim

Dentist, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Orthodontist

BDS, Implantology From Korea, Fellowship In Laser Dentistry (PALD),

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17 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

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BA Health Care, Quetta, Quetta

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Profile Photo of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon in Gujrat - Dr. Umair Farooq

Dr. Umair Farooq

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Dentist

BDS

Experience

10 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

City Hospital, Jail Road, Gujrat

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Profile Photo of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon in Bahawalpur - Dr. Salman Ashraf

Dr. Salman Ashraf

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Faciomax Dental Cosmetics & Implant Center, Model Town A, Bahawalpur

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Profile Photo of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon in Lahore - Dr. Ayisha Naz

Dr. Ayisha Naz

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BDS, MDS (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery), MFDS

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11 Yrs

Satisfaction

94%

Video Consultation

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Reliable Dental Consultants, Johar Town, Lahore

Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon in Faisalabad - Prof. Dr. Muhammad Arshad Badar

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Arshad Badar

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

BDS, FCPS (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)

Experience

22 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Faisal Hospital, Peoples Colony, Faisalabad

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Summary about Temporomandibular Joint Disorders in English

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint (or TMJ), and surrounding facial muscles. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects your mandible (lower jaw) to your skull. These are disorders of the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints, and the nerves associated with chronic facial pain.

Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The symptoms of Temporomandibular disorders are;

  • Pain  or tenderness of your jaw.
  • Aching  facial pain.
  • Locking  of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth.
  • Aching  pain in and around your ear.
  • Difficulty  chewing or pain while chewing.
  • Pain  in one or both of the temporomandibular joints.

Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The causes of Temporomandibular disorders are;

  • Injury to the teeth or jaw
  • Misalignment of the teeth or jaw
  • Teeth grinding or clenching
  • Poor posture
  • Stress
  • Arthritis
  • Gum chewing
  • Locking of the jaw joint

Treatment

The treatments for Temporomandibular disorders are;

  • Pain relievers
  • Custom made splints
  • Physical therapy 
  • Surgery
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

Preventive Measures of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

To prevent Temporomandibular disorders, you should avoid the following things;

  • Don’t overuse your jaw muscles
  • Don’t stress your jaw muscles
  • Avoid clenching and grinding your teeth
  • Practice good posture
  • Avoid extreme jaw movements