Acute polio is a disease of the motor neurons of the anterior horn of the spinal cord and brainstem, which is caused by the poliovirus. Asymmetric limp weakness and muscular atrophy are the features of its clinical manifestations due to the loss of motor neurons and the denervation of the associated skeletal muscle. Due to the success of the vaccine against polio, poliomyelitis, one of the most dreaded infectious diseases in humans, can be almost completely prevented by adequate vaccination.
It is commonly known as Polio. It is a disease of the anterior horn motor neurons of the spinal cord and brain stem caused by poliovirus.
“It is characterized by denervation of skeletal muscles associated with motor neurons which leads directly to the drooping asymmetric weakness and atrophy of the muscles.”
Signs and Symptoms:
The common signs and symptoms are as follows;
- Muscle weakness
- Urinary retention
- Stiffness and pain in the neck and back
- Paralysis of pharyngeal and laryngeal musculature, facial muscles, as well as the tongue
- Breathing and swallowing disruptions
- Loss of control of the cardiovascular system
It aims for the control of symptoms but the people with severe cases may need lifesaving measures i.e. breathing help.
The symptoms can be treated by the use of following medications;
- Painkillers: to reduce a headache, muscle pain, and spasms
- Heating pads or warm towels: to reduce muscle pain and spasm
- Physical therapy