Birth defects are structural abnormalities that occur during pregnancy and may damage virtually any portion or sections of the baby's body (e.g., heart, brain, foot). They may have an impact on how the body appears, functions, or both. Birth defects range in severity from minor to severe. The well-being of any kid afflicted by a birth abnormality is mostly determined by which organ or body part is implicated and how severely it is affected. The expected lifetime of a person with a birth abnormality may or may not be impacted, depending on the severity of the problem and which body component is affected.
Birth malformations may develop at any point throughout the pregnancy. The majority of birth abnormalities arise during the first three months of pregnancy, while the baby's organs are developing. This is a critical stage of development. Some birth abnormalities, however, develop later in pregnancy. Tissues and organs continue to grow and develop throughout the final six months of pregnancy.
One or multiple of the following factors in pregnant women can lead to birth defects in their babies.
Not all birth defects can be prevented but taking some precautionary measures can lessen the risk of many.
Birth defects are classified in two broad classifications
Structural Birth Defects
Structural birth defects are related to a problem with the structure of body parts. These can include:
Functional or Developmental Birth Defects
These type of birth defects are related to the deflective functioning and working of a body part or system.