Cerebral palsy is a movement disorder, muscle tension or posture due to the development of immature brain damage, usually before birth. Symptoms occur in infancy or preschool age. In general, cerebral palsy results in movement disorders associated with abnormal reflexes, weakness or stiffness of the limbs and trunk, improper posture, involuntary movements, unstable walking, or a combination of these factors.
People with cerebral palsy may have difficulty in swallowing and usually have eye disorders where the eyes do not focus on the same object. People with cerebral palsy may also suffer from less freedom of movement in the various joints of the body due to muscle stiffness. The influence of cerebral palsy on functioning is very different. Some people have normal or almost normal intellectual abilities, but others may have mental disabilities. Epilepsy, blindness or deafness can also occur.
It may be caused by any of the following reasons
- Any stress during pregnancy
- Maternal illness
- Infection during pregnancy
- Any injury after the birth of the child
It is manifested by following signs
- Varying degree of physical disability
- Speech and communication problem
- Tooth decay
- Sleep disorders
It is treated by different kind of therapies. Some essential surgeries also help to enhance muscular movement.