Breast cancer surgery is a major component of breast cancer treatment that involves removing cancer with an operation. Breast cancer surgery is done alone or in combination with other treatments like chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy and radiation therapy. In women where there is a very high risk of breast cancer, breast cancer surgery may be an option to reduce the risk of developing future breast cancer.
Breast cancer surgery includes different procedures, which are the following:
- Surgery to remove the complete breast (mastectomy)
- Surgery to remove a portion/part of the breast tissue (lumpectomy)
- Surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes
- Surgery to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy
The decision that which breast cancer operation is best for you depends on the size and stage of your cancer, other treatment options, and your goals and preferences. Breast cancer surgery is performed to remove cancer cells from your breast. For those who choose breast reconstruction surgery, a procedure to place breast implants or reconstruct a breast from your own tissue (flap surgery) may also be done at the same time or in a later operation.