C-section also called as cesarean delivery, is a procedure in which the baby is delivered through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus rather than through the vagina. A C-section may be medically necessary if:
- Labor is not progressing
- Multiple gestations, such as twins or triplets, have occurred
- The fetus has experienced an emergency or severe health concern
- The baby is too large to travel through the cervix
- The mother has complicating conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure
A C-section may be planned or unplanned and the decision is taken by the gynecologist. In a C-section, the gynecologist or obstetrician makes a cut across the abdomen and womb while the mother is under an epidural or spinal anesthetic.