Colposcopy And Biopsy

Colposcopy is a clinical procedure where a unique magnifying tool called a colposcope is used to carefully look at the cervix, vagina, and vulva for any abnormalities or signs of cervical cancer. A biopsy can be completed during colposcopy if any suspicious areas are recognized. A biopsy includes taking small tissue samples from the targeted regions to be tested under a microscope, aiding in the diagnosis of pre-cancerous or cancerous conditions.

What is the fee for Colposcopy and Biopsy?

The cost of a coloscopy in Pakistan ranges from 5000 to 15000 PKR. The cost of the biopsy falls between 8000-25000 PKR. Depending on the type of surgeon you choose, the cost of these procedures may change.

What diagnosis leads to Colposcopy and Biopsy?

Colposcopy and Biopsy may be indicated for the following diagnoses or conditions:

  • Abnormal Pap smear results

  • Presence of genital warts or other visible abnormalities during a pelvic exam

  • Suspicion of cervical dysplasia

  • HPV infection

  • Unexplained vaginal bleeding

  • Persistent or unexplained pelvic pain

  • Evaluation of cervical lesions or ulcers

  • Monitoring of previously treated cervical abnormalities

  • Abnormal appearance of the cervix or other genital areas during routine screening

What is the procedure for Colposcopy and Biopsy?

The procedure for Colposcopy and Biopsy typically involves the following steps:


  • The patient lies on an examination table with their feet in stirrups, similar to a pelvic exam.

  • A speculum is inserted into the vagina to provide a clear view of the cervix.

  • The colposcope, a specialized magnifying instrument, is used to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva for abnormalities.

  • A mild solution (usually acetic acid) is applied to the cervix to highlight abnormal areas.

  • The healthcare provider examines the tissues through the colposcope and may take photographs or document findings.


  • If abnormal areas are identified during the colposcopy, the healthcare provider may decide to perform a biopsy.

  • Local anesthesia is administered to numb the cervix.

  • Small tissue samples (biopsies) are taken from the abnormal areas using various instruments (like biopsy forceps or a punch biopsy).

  • The tissue samples are sent to a laboratory for further examination under a microscope.

What are the risks & complications associated with Colposcopy and Biopsy?

While colposcopy and biopsy are generally safe procedures, there are some potential risks and complications that can occur:

Risks and complications of Colposcopy:

  • Mild discomfort or pain during the procedure

  • Light vaginal bleeding or spotting after the examination

  • In rare cases, an allergic reaction

  • Vaginal or cervical infection, though the risk is low

Risks and complications of Biopsy:

  • Bleeding

  • Infection in the reproductive tract

  • Cervical Stenosis

What to expect after Colposcopy and Biopsy?

Depending on the biopsy results, your doctor may recommend further tests. Regular compliance with follow up appointments is important to reveal your condition. Refrain from sexual intercourse and using tampons for at least one week. Avoid energetic bodily events and heavy lifting.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Cost varies depending on the type of surgery and locality.

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