Laparotomy For Ectopic Pregnancy And Simple Ovarian Cyst

Laparotomy For Ectopic Pregnancy And Simple Ovarian Cyst

Laparotomy is a surgical procedure that helps treat gynecological conditions including - ectopic pregnancy and simple ovarian cysts. In an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus. Laparotomy helps remove these fertilized eggs, repairing damaged gynecological structures. 

Similarly, fluid-filled sacs namely cysts can develop in ovaries. The size of these cysts varies, but the larger ones need surgical removal. Laparotomy is sometimes used for the removal of these cysts. 

In both gynecological conditions, the lower abdomen is excised and the fertilized egg or cysts are removed. This surgical procedure is an effective surgical intervention used for the optimal resolution of ectopic pregnancies and simple ovarian cyst.

What is the Cost of Laparotomy in Pakistan?

The cost of Laparotomy in Pakistan ranges between 90,000-1,20,000/- PKR. This cost varies depending on the patient's medical condition, the complexity of the surgical procedure, and the doctor’s fee.

What diagnosis leads to Laparotomy?

The following diagnosis may lead to Laparotomy:

  • Ectopic pregnancy -  the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus 

  • Ovarian cysts - large fluid-filled cysts in ovaries

  • Adnexal masses - lumps in the tissues ovaries or fallopian tubes

  • Endometriosis or the growth of uterine lining outside the uterus

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease - an infectious disease affecting female reproductive organs

What is the procedure for Laparotomy?

Once the medical condition is diagnosed, the surgeon may perform the surgical treatment using these steps:

  • The patient is made unconscious with the help of local anesthesia. This helps reduce pain during the surgical intervention.

  • Using a surgical scalpel, incisions are made at different points in the lower abdomen.

  • Reproductive organs and their surrounding tissues are examined for ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts, or any other health condition. For this, the surgeon may perform tissue biopsies.

  • On finding ectopic pregnancy or ovarian cysts, the surgeon removes the fertilized egg or cysts with the help of surgical instruments. 

  • After removing the egg or cyst, incisions are closed with sutures or staples. 

  • To diminish the fluid buildup, the surgeon may use a drainage tube.

  • For close monitoring, the patient is kept in an intensive care unit. To help patients heal and recover, pain management and post-operative care are given. 

The health condition of the patient is closely monitored in an intensive care unit. Pain management and post-operative care are provided to help patients heal and recover. 

What risks & complications are associated with Laparotomy?

The risks and complications associated with Laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy or simple ovarian cyst include:

  • Infection at the surgical site

  • Post-surgical mild or severe bleeding

  • Damage to nearby structures such as - the bowel, bladder, blood vessels, or tissues

  • Internal tissue scarring, causing abdominal pain, bowel obstruction, or fertility problems

  • Blood clots in legs, lungs, or any other body organ

What to expect after Laparotomy?

After undergoing Laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy or simple ovarian cyst, the patient may expect these conditions:

  • Mild or severe abdominal cramps may affect the patient’s productivity.

  • The healthcare provider may advise to avoid lifting heavy weights or doing strenuous exercises.

  • The doctor also schedules follow-up checkups to monitor the patient’s healing.

Frequently Asked Questions

Click here to book an online surgical procedure through or you can also call us at 04232591427 or 0311-1222398 from 9 am - 11 pm to book an online lab test.

Cost varies depending on the type of surgery and locality.

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