Treatment Of Oral Cavity Tumors

Mandibulectomy is a surgical procedure used for treating oral cavity tumors. In it, a portion or the entire mandible (lower jawbone) is removed to get rid of the cancerous tissue. This prevents cancer from spreading and restores normal mouth and jaw functioning.

Mandibulectomy is usually performed under general anesthesia and requires a hospital stay. Recovery time can vary depending on the extent of the surgery, but it generally involves pain management and rehabilitation to regain full use of the mouth and jaw. 

What is the cost of the Treatment of Oral Cavity Tumors in Pakistan?

The cost for the treatment of oral cavity tumors in Pakistan ranges between 10,000-25,000 PKR depending upon the severity of the medical condition and the doctor.

What diagnosis leads to the Treatment of Oral Cavity Tumors?

If an oral surgeon finds the following oral conditions, he may refer to mandibulectomy:

  • Oral cancer

  • Jaw tumor (ameloblastoma)

  • Bone infection affecting the jaw (osteomyelitis)

  • Jaw injuries from car accidents falls, or during fight

  • Jaw bone death after radiation therapy for oral cancer (osteoradionecrosis)  

What is the procedure for the Treatment of Oral Cavity Tumors?

Your oral surgeon may carry out a mandibulectomy by following these steps:

  • The oral surgeon will begin by numbing your mouth to avoid oral pain during the surgical procedure.

  • The surgeon will make an incision in the neck and/or inside the mouth to access the affected area. 

  • The extent of the jawbone removal will depend on the size and location of the tumor. In some cases, only a portion of the mandible is removed, while in a few cases, the entire mandible is extracted.

  • Once the required bone is removed, your surgeon will reconstruct the jawbone either with a bone graft or metal plate. 

  • The reconstruction aims at restoring the normal functioning of the mouth and jaw and improving the patient's quality of life. 

  • Post-surgical procedures may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both to ensure that all cancer cells have been eliminated. 

What are the risks & complications associated with the Treatment of Oral Cavity Tumors?

The treatment of oral cavity tumors carries a number of risks and potential complications, including:

  • Post-surgical bleeding

  • Infection

  • Damage to nearby structures

  • Difficulty speaking and swallowing 

  • Changes in facial appearance

It is important to discuss the risks and potential complications with your doctor before having this oral treatment. 

What to expect after the Treatment of Oral Cavity Tumors?

  • After treatment of oral cavity tumors, patients might experience pain, swelling, and discomfort. Your doctor will provide pain management medication to reduce the oral discomfort.

  • Since a portion or the entire mandible is removed during the oral procedure, it may take some time to adjust to changes in speech and eating. Speech therapy and guidance from a doctor can help manage these changes.

  • Depending on the extent of the surgery, rehabilitation may be required to regain normal functioning of the mouth and jaw. This may include exercises, stretching, and the use of special tools to assist with eating and speaking.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Cost varies depending on the type of surgery and locality.

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